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Live auction - bgr_519891 - JUDAEA - HERODIAN KINGDOM - HEROD I Octoprutah

JUDAEA - HERODIAN KINGDOM - HEROD I Octoprutah XF
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/01/29 14:00:00
bgr_519891
1029
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Type : Octoprutah
Date: an 3
Mint name / Town : Sébasté, Samarie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 24 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 8,80 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et épais, légèrement décentré. Belle patine verte légèrement granuleuse
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Coiffe de prêtre (bonnet) placé sur un pulvinar (lit sacré) surmontée d’une étoile à six rais entre deux palmes ; grènetis circulaire.

Reverse


Reverse description : Trépied ; dans le champ à gauche, date, à droite un monogramme.
Reverse legend : HRODOU BASILEWS/ LG- (TR).
Reverse translation : (Hérode roi, an3).

Commentary


Poids lourd. Les auteurs du Roman Provincial Coinage (RPC. 4901) ont recensé 10 exemplaires avec un poids moyen de 6,64 g, un axe des coins à 12 heures et un diamètre moyen de 22 mm.

Historical background


JUDEA - KINGDOM OF HEROD - HEROD I.

(40-4 BC)

Ancestry Idumean Herod's son Antipater. He began his career under Pompey and received the title of tetrarch 40 before J. C-. Mark Antony after serving turn the Caesarian party and that of his assassins. When Labienus invaded Syria with the help of the Parthians, Hyrcanus II was deposed and replaced by his nephew Matthias Antigonus. Finally, Herod was recognized as ruler of Judea. Matthias Antigonus was eventually killed after the capture of Jerusalem. Despite the expansionist aims of Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, Herod argues Marc Anthony in the conflict against Octavian. It retains the confidence of Octavian Augustus became that enlarges its territories. The rest of his reign was devoted to the embellishment of his kingdom with the construction of his new capital, Caesarea and the rebuilding of the Temple. The end of his reign was marred by the killing of his son, Alexander and Aristobulus before 7 J. C-. Antipater and 4 before J. C-. The destruction of the golden eagle placed in the Temple leads savage repression when he dies before 4 J. C-. After his death, Augustus removes the kingdom and survivors of Herod Archelaus, Herod Antipas and Philip son succeeded him as Tetrarch ethnarques and only. Herod goes to the head of the Massacre of the Innocents at the time of the birth of Jesus and leaves a horrible reputation as well as Romans, Jews and Christians. It was a Hellenistic ruler.

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