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Live auction - bgr_544418 - JUDAEA - FIRST REVOLT Prutah

JUDAEA - FIRST REVOLT Prutah XF
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/10/29 14:00:00
bgr_544418
1035
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Type : Prutah
Date: 67-68
Mint name / Town : Jérusalem, Judée
Metal : copper
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,44 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan irrégulier, un peu court sur les légendes. Joli droit. Revers de style fin. Belle patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection P.-R. B

Obverse


Obverse legend : INSCRIPTION HÉBRAÏQUE, SHENAT SHAT'IM'.
Obverse description : Vase ou aiguière (objet du culte).
Obverse translation : (an 2).

Reverse


Reverse legend : INSCRIPTION HÉBRAÏQUE, HERTU Z'ION .
Reverse description : Feuille et branche de vigne, rappel de la fertilité de la Judée (symbole souvent représenté, en dehors même des monnaies, depuis les temps les plus reculés de la Bible).
Reverse translation : (délivrance de Sion - c'est à dire Judée délivrée des Romains).

Commentary


D’après le métal droit et revers semblent inversés.

Historical background


JUDEA - FIRST REVOLT

(66-70)

After the death of Herod the Great (37-4 BC. J. C-. ), A silent struggle is committed by Jews against the introduction of foreign cults and against those who collaborate with the Roman occupiers. After the disastrous Antonius Felix, brother of Pallas management, Judea revolted against the Romans. Nero appointed Vespasian to put down the revolt which lasted four years. In 67, the army revolt broke out and surprise the Roman troops who suffer setbacks until the arrival of Vespasian, Nero appointed by imperial legate responsible for repression at the head of three legions. A Joseph, commander of a Jewish army, resists Citadel Jotapata. Refuge in a cave with forty notables, he escapes their collective suicide, goes and predicted the empire to Vespasian. The prediction was made two years later, in 69. The prisoner is then freed and according to Roman custom takes the gentile name of his patron (Flavius): it is now Flavius ​​Joseph precious war historian he is an actor (ambiguous) and control (no lens). Vespasian became emperor entrusted the command to his eldest son and faithful lieutenant Titus, who - 70 - Fire Jerusalem, plundered and destroyed the Temple (of which there remain only the Western Wall, said "Wailing Wall"). This major event is the origin of the Diaspora which lasted almost 1. 900 years. This is the end of the war of the Jews, although Masada fortress resists until 74. Vespasian and Titus celebrated their victory by a common triumph in June 71.

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