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Live auction - bgr_763930 - JUDAEA - SECOND REVOLT - BAR KOKHBA Unité

JUDAEA - SECOND REVOLT - BAR KOKHBA Unité AU/AU
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Estimate : 800 €
Price : 460 €
Maximum bid : 460 €
End of the sale : 06 September 2022 14:23:41
bidders : 2 bidders
Type : Unité
Date: 134-135
Mint name / Town : Judée, Jérusalem
Metal : copper
Diameter : 25,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 12,60 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Très bel exemplaire sur un flan légèrement décentré. Superbe palmier au revers ainsi qu’une très belle feuille de vigne. Belle patine vert foncé et sable
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection Mossberg, 1946 et de la collection Niels

Obverse


Obverse legend : INSCRIPTION HÉBRAÏQUE.
Obverse description : Feuille de vigne.
Obverse translation : (Pour la Liberté de Jérusalem).

Reverse


Reverse legend : INSCRIPTION HÉBRAÏQUE.
Reverse description : Palmier avec sept palmes et des fruits.
Reverse translation : (Simon prince d’Israël).

Historical background


JUDEA - SECOND Bar Kokhba revolt

(132-135)

In 132, to force assimilation and end a rebel Judaism, Emperor Hadrian decided to build on the ruins of Jerusalem (destroyed by Titus in 70) a Greco-Roman city, Aelia Capitolina (Ælius is the name Hadrian), and the plan was supreme desecration, the building of a temple dedicated to Jupiter Capitolinus on the ruins of the Temple. In addition, the "lex Cornelia de Sicariis and veneficis" banned circumcision and the Sabbath. This religious persecution causes an armed revolt, like the Maccabees. Ben Simon Cocheba (or Kosiba) takes the lead, posing and recognize the Messiah becoming Bar Kokhba "son of the star". He leads the guerrilla wins first few successes, despite the rivalries within his camp. But it can not override the legions came reinforcements throughout the Empire and under the command of Sextus Julius Severus, legate of Britain. In 135, he was killed in the fortress of Bethar, southwest of Jerusalem, where he cut. The revolt was crushed at the cost of half a million deaths among the insurgents. Drop Bethar, 9 av that day anniversary of the fall of the first and second Temple, for many centuries mark the end of any semblance of independence in Jewish Palestine.

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