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Live auction - bgr_418116 - JUDAEA - SECOND REVOLT - BAR KOKHBA Demi-unité

JUDAEA - SECOND REVOLT - BAR KOKHBA Demi-unité AU
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Estimate : 550 €
Price : 390 €
Maximum bid : 400 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 14:28:35
bidders : 2 bidders
Type : Demi-unité
Date: 134-135
Mint name / Town : Jérusalem, Judée
Metal : copper
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 6,29 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan épais bien centré des deux côtés. Joli droit. Revers de haut relief. Patine marron foncé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient du stock de Leo Hamburger, Francfort (1920-1930) (avec son étiquette)

Obverse


Obverse legend : INSCRIPTION HÉBRAÏQUE.
Obverse description : Feuille de vigne.
Obverse translation : (Pour la liberté de Jérusalem).

Reverse


Reverse legend : INSCRIPTION HÉBRAÏQUE.
Reverse description : Palmier avec sept palmes.
Reverse translation : (Simon).

Commentary


Droit et revers sont parfois intervertis. Il faut bien voir dans la feuille de vigne le droit plutôt que le revers. Type sans date.

Historical background


JUDAEA - SECOND REVOLT - BAR KOKHBA

(132-135)

In 132, to force assimilation and put an end to rebellious Judaism, the Emperor Hadrian decided to build on the ruins of Jerusalem (destroyed by Titus in 70) a Greco-Roman city, Ælia Capitolina (Ælius is the family name of Hadrian), and the plan foresaw, supreme desecration, the construction of a temple dedicated to Capitoline Jupiter on the ruins of the Temple. In addition, the "lex Cornelia de sicariis et veneficis" prohibits circumcision and the Sabbath. This religious persecution provokes an armed revolt, following the example of the Maccabees. Simon Ben Cocheba (or Kosiba) takes the lead of the movement, posing and recognizing himself as the Messiah by becoming Bar Kokhba "son of the star". He leads the guerrillas and initially achieves some success, despite the rivalries within his camp.. But he cannot prevail over the legions that have come as reinforcements from across the Empire and placed under the command of Sextus Julius Severus, legate of Brittany. In 135, he died in the fortress of Bethar, south-west of Jerusalem, where he had taken refuge. The revolt was crushed at the cost of half a million dead among the insurgents. The fall of Bethar, on the 9th of BC, this same anniversary day of the fall of the first, then of the second Temple, marks for many centuries the end of any hint of Jewish independence in Palestine..

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