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Live auction - fjt_555161 - ITALY - KINGDOM OF ITALY - NAPOLEON I Ordre de la Couronne de fer, refrappe 1805

ITALY - KINGDOM OF ITALY - NAPOLEON I Ordre de la Couronne de fer, refrappe MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 200 €
Price : 100 €
Maximum bid : 100 €
End of the sale : 29 October 2019 16:42:48
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Ordre de la Couronne de fer, refrappe
Date: 1805
Metal : silver
Diameter : 33 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 17,47 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Léger nettoyage. Petits frottements dans les champs
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : NAPOLEON EMPEREUR ET ROI.
Obverse description : Tête laurée à gauche de Napoléon Ier.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ORDINE DELLA CORONA DI FERRO // (À L’EXERGUE) FONDATO LI 5 GUIGNO 1805 ; SUR LA DÉCORATION DIO ME LA DIEDE.
Reverse description : La décoration de l'ordre.
Reverse translation : Ordre de la couronne de fer fondé le 5 juin 1805; sur la couronne Dieu me l'a donné.

Commentary


Cet exemplaire ne présente pas de poinçon sur la tranche bien qu’il semble s’agir d’une refrappe. C’est pourquoi nous classons cet exemplaire en tant que refrappe. L’étude de la tranche nous laisse sceptique quant à la nature du métal, d’où notre choix pour le bronze argenté.
Ce jeton a été frappé et distribué pour la création de l'Ordre de la Couronne de fer, le 5 juin 1805. Cette distinction, à l’image de la Légion d’Honneur en France, permettait “d’assurer par des témoignages d’honneur, une digne récompense aux services rendus à la Couronne tant dans la carrière des armes que dans celle de l’administration, de la magistrature, des lettres et des arts”. Pour en savoir davantage, vous pouvez retrouver l’histoire complète de ce jeton dans l’introduction du catalogue JETONS III.

Historical background


ITALY - KINGDOM OF ITALY - NAPOLEON

(18/03/1805-11/04/1814)

Napoleon accepts the crown of Italy March 17, 1805. After a triumphal entry into Milan May 8, 1805, Josephine and it crowned on May 26 by Cardinal Caprara. As to Paris a few months earlier, Napoleon crowned himself exclaiming: "God has given me, beware that the". This exclamation will become the motto of the Order of the Iron Crown (see FEES IV pp.III-V). The Emperor appointed his son-Prince Eugene de Beauharnais, Viceroy of Italy and leaves Milan June 10, 1805. He returned to Paris on 1 August to join the camp of Boulogne. The fate of Italy is now linked to that of France for nine years. Beginning in January 1814, the defection of Murat and his alliance with the Austrians and with the British in order to keep his kingdom of Naples, Italy lost. Prince Eugene, despite a heroic defense, can not prevent the collapse of the kingdom after Mantua has fallen. April 6, 1814, Napoleon abdicated.

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