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Live auction - fwo_361975 - ITALY - FLORENCE - REPUBLIC Florin d'or, 10e série 1350 Florence

ITALY - FLORENCE - REPUBLIC Florin d or, 10e série 1350 Florence XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 950 €
Price : 1 050 €
Maximum bid : 1 050 €
End of the sale : 29 September 2015 18:02:24
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Florin d'or, 10e série
Date: 1350
Mint name / Town : Florence
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 986 ‰
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 3,5 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Ce florin d’or est frappé sur un petit flan très régulier, un peu court sur les légendes. Une petite usure apparaît au centre de la fleur et un petit coup au revers à gauche de Saint Jean Baptiste. La pièce est très agréable
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : .+ FLOR- ENTIA..
Obverse description : Grande fleur de lis épanouie.
Obverse translation : (Florence).

Reverse


Reverse legend : .S. IOHA-NNES. B (SAC).
Reverse description : Saint Jean Baptiste debout de face, nimbé, barbu, vêtu de la peau de mouton, tendant la main droite et tenant un sceptre cruciforme bouleté.
Reverse translation : (Saint Jean-Baptiste).

Commentary


La marque placée au revers (un sac surmonté d’un B) est le symbole d'un magistrat monétaire, en l’occurence Bartolomeo di Caroccio Alberti. Cette marque permet de situer la frappe de cette monnaie pendant la 10e série, entre 1348 et 1367, précisément en 1350.

Historical background


ITALY - FLORENCE - REPUBLIC

(1189-1531)

Florence and Genoa in 1252 were the first two Italian cities retyped gold in the West. Previously, Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (1197-1250) was minted in Sicily and southern Italy, the tariff of gold and especially Augustales and half Augustales. Gold and Fiorino d'oro genevino which were virtually pure gold (23 2/3 carats) had a theoretical weight of 3.50 g and very quickly became the currencies used in international trade. The florin of Florence ran for 10 soldi. In 1284, Venice created the sequin that weighed the same weight and had the same title. The first French gold coin, the gold of St. Louis, created in 1266 ECU was inspired by the Florentine florin although heavier (ie 4.00 g).

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