Obverse legend : + LV' D G' FRANCOR' REX.
Obverse description : Trois lis posés 2 et 1.
Obverse translation : (Louis, par la grâce de Dieu, roi des Francs).
Reverse legend : (LIS) MEDIOLANI' DVX' ET C'.
Reverse description : Croix feuillue.
Reverse translation : (Duc de Milan, etc.).
ITALY - DUCHÉ MILAN - Louis XII
From the beginning of his reign, Louis XII allied with Venice reverse Ludovico il Moro who fought at Novara April 10, 1500. Louis XII conquers Milan and became duke of Milan. Ludovic is taken captive and died in France in 1508. On 11 September 1500, the Treaty of Granada provides for the sharing of the kingdom of Naples between Louis XII and Ferdinand of Aragon. Naples was conquered in 1501, but the allies scramble in 1503 and the Kingdom of Naples is definitely lost in 1504. Julius II forms the League of Cambrai against Venice in 1508 and the Agnadel victory in 1509 forced the Venetians to restore the pope the cities of Romagna. In 1511, Pope forms the Holy League against France. The allies invade the Milanese. On 11 April 1512, the French were victorious at Ravenna, but lose their chief, Gaston de Foix and the Milanese. Louis XII tries to regain the Milanese in 1513, but was defeated at Novara on June 6 The French should evacuate Italy.