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Live auction - bgr_578477 - IONIA - IONIAN ISLANDS - SAMOS Tétradrachme

IONIA - IONIAN ISLANDS - SAMOS Tétradrachme XF
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live-auctionLive starting :
28/04/2020 14:00:00
bgr_578477
1039
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 387-365 AC.
Mint name / Town : Samos, Ionie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 14,10 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Flan ovale, centré des deux côtés. Usure régulière. Jolie dépouille de lion. Patine grise de collection
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Dépouille de lion vu de face, (mufle).

Reverse


Reverse description : Protomé de taureau à droite ; derrière, une branche d'olivier ; à l'exergue, un monogramme ; le tout dans les restes d'un carré creux.
Reverse legend : SA/ PUQAGORHS.
Reverse translation : (Samos/ Pythagorès).

Commentary


.
Ce nouveau monnayage d'étalon rhodien ne doit pas commencer avant la paix d'Antalcidas en 387 avant J.-C. Il semble avoir été très important et comporte une grande série de magistrats monétaires. Ce monnayage prit fin avec l'occupation de Samos par les Athéniens. François de Callataÿ dans son recueil a recensé 102 exemplaires avec trente quatre coins de droit et cinquante-et-un coins de revers et un très bon indice charactéroscopique. Dans son étude, J. Barron avec le coin de droit (A/ 66) n‘avait relevé qu’un coin de revers (R/ 139) pour le magistrat (Pythagorès) et un seul exemplaire..

Historical background


IONIE - ISLANDS IONIE - SAMOS

(400-365 BC)

Samos town was located southeast of the island of Samos. She joined the Delian League from its inception in 478/477 BC His contribution consisted in the provision of ships for the league. Samos revolted against Athenian hegemony in 441-440 BC Pericles and the besieged city that went in 439 BC during the Peloponnesian War, Samos was the main naval base Athenian. In 411 BC the Samians remained faithful to democracy after the coup d'etat of 400 in Athens. Rhodes, founded in 409 BC, is now his biggest rival. During the fall of Athens, Sparta replaces. In 390 BC the Spartan fleet is captured by the Athenians. After the Peace of the Great King (Antalcidas) in 387 BC, the city found a certain prosperity. A second league was reconstituted in 378-377 BC, but in 365 BC, Timothy seizes Samos and replaces the inhabitants by clérouquie (Athenian colony). Pythagoras was a Samian origin.

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