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Live auction - bgr_577601 - IONIA - EPHESUS Diobole

IONIA - EPHESUS Diobole AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
28/04/2020 14:00:00
bgr_577601
1039
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Type : Diobole
Date: c. 390-330AC.
Mint name / Town : Éphèse, Ionie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 10 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 0,97 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Flan légèrement décentré au droit. Très belle représentation du revers. Patine gris foncé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection du docteur Thierry De Craeker

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Abeille vue de dessus.
Obverse legend : E-F.

Reverse


Reverse description : Deux têtes de cerfs affrontés.
Reverse legend : EF.
Reverse translation : (Éphèse).

Commentary


Les deux têtes de cerf donnent sa valeur à cette petite pièce de deux oboles.
Droit et revers de cette pièce sont dédiées à Artémis, déesse de la chasse qui était particulièrement honorée à Éphèse à cause de l’Artemision, temple élevé au VIe siècle avant J.-C. Son grand prêtre était prénommé le “roi des abeilles” et les prêtresses désignées sous le vocable de la déesse des abeilles d’après A. Demeester, Les animaux et la monnaie grecque, Bruxelles 2004, p. 69.

Historical background


IONIE - EPHESUS

(390-330 BC)

Located at the mouth of the Cayster coast of Asia Minor, Ephesus was known for its dedicated to Artemis (Artemision) temple which has been dated through the votive deposit of construction, the second half of the seventh century. The city was the Persian yoke. After the naval battle of Mycale in 479 BC, it approached Athens and joined the Delian League attico-from 477 BC It broke with Athens after the disaster of Syracuse in 415 BC In 407 AC. Lysander set up his headquarters at Ephesus and the Athenians won the Aegos Potamos victory in 404 AC. Spartan domination ceased after the victory of Conon at Cnidus in 394 BC The Peace Antalcidas in 387 BC consecrated the return of the city in the Persian orbit. This domination lasted until 338 BC, when the city rose up under the leadership of Philip II of Macedon. After Granicus in 334 BC, the city rallied to Alexander after chasing the Persian garrison.

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