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bgr_557864 - ILLYRIA - DYRRHACHIUM Statère

ILLYRIA - DYRRHACHIUM Statère XF
950.00 €(Approx. 1083.00$ | 798.00£)
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Type : Statère
Date: c. 400-350 AC.
Mint name / Town : Illyrie, Dyrrachium
Metal : silver
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 10,97 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire très légèrement décentré. Joli revers, quasi TTB+. Usure régulière. Patine grise de collection ancienne
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant du stock de Vinchon (1977)

Obverse


Obverse description : Vache à gauche, allaitant un veau agenouillé à droite.

Reverse


Reverse description : Carré linéaire à double compartiment orné et décoré, (jardin d’Alcinoüs) ; dans le champ à l’exergue, une massue posée horizontalement ; grènetis circulaire ; le tout dans les restes d’une dépression creuse.
Reverse legend : D/U/R.
Reverse translation : (Dyrrachium).

Commentary


Au droit, il n’y a pas de ligne d’exergue sur cet exemplaire sous la vache et son petit. Au revers, le double carré creux est placé verticalement. Il existe plusieurs versions pour le revers dans l’ordonnancement des lettres et des symboles.

Historical background


Illyria - Dyrrachium

(Fourth century BC)

Epidamnos colony of Corcyra was founded in 623 BC The city was the capital of Dyrrachi. In 435 BC, a conflict broke out between Dyrrachium and Corinth, the origin of the Peloponnesian War. It was also at this time that the city changed its name to become Dyrrachium instead of Epidamnos. The mid-fourth century BC, the city entered the Corinthian orbit and minted at the Corinthian type. In 312 BC, Glaucias, king of the Illyrians took the city with the help of Corcyreans. Around 280 BC, the Macedonian Dyrrachium was in orbit Ptolemy Céraunos. The city was then destroyed by the Illyrian tribes and eventually placed under the Roman protectorate in 229 BC When the Romans began to occupy the region in the late third century BC, they renamed the city name Dyrrachium. She became at the end of the Republic the most important trading port with Italy from Brindisium.

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