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E-auction 480-391164 - ILLYRIA - DYRRHACHIUM Drachme

ILLYRIA - DYRRHACHIUM Drachme XF
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2022/06/27 14:04:00
bgr_756011
480
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Type : Drachme
Date: c. 229-100
Mint name / Town : Dyrrachium, Illyrie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 17,5 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 2,79 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie légèrement décentrée au revers. Jolie représentation du droit. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Vache à droite, allaitant un veau agenouillé à gauche.
Obverse legend : MENISKOS.
Obverse translation : (Meniskos).

Reverse


Reverse description : Double carré linéaire à double compartiments ornés et décorés (jardin d’Alcinoüs).
Reverse legend : DUR/ DIO/NU/SIOU.
Reverse translation : (Dyrrachium/ Dionysios).

Commentary


Pour le monnayage de Dyrrachium, nous avons d’après les travaux de Ceka en 1972, 461 types de drachmes différents en fonction des noms associés.

Historical background


Illyria - Dyrrachium

(III - II century BC)

Epidamnos colony of Corcyra was founded in 623 BC The city was the capital of Dyrrachi. In 435 BC, a conflict broke out between Dyrrachium and Corinth, the origin of the Peloponnesian War. It was also at this time that the city changed its name to become Dyrrachium instead of Epidamnos. The mid-fourth century BC, the city entered the Corinthian orbit and minted at the Corinthian type. In 312 BC, Glaucias, king of the Illyrians took the city with the help of Corcyreans. Around 280 BC, the Macedonian Dyrrachium was in orbit Ptolemy Céraunos. The city was then destroyed by the Illyrian tribes and eventually placed under the Roman protectorate in 229 BC When the Romans began to occupy the region in the late third century BC, they renamed the city name Dyrrachium. She became at the end of the Republic the most important trading port with Italy from Brindisium.

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