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Live auction - bby_468009 - GEORGIA - RUSUDAN Dirham

GEORGIA - RUSUDAN Dirham XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 1 500 €
Price : 650 €
Maximum bid : 750 €
End of the sale : 06 March 2018 16:19:10
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Dirham
Date: an 450
Mint name / Town : Atelier incertain
Metal : silver
Diameter : 20 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,54 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan bien centré des deux côtés. Jolie représentation du Christ au droit. Patine de collection ancienne

Obverse


Obverse legend : IC - XC/ LÉGENDE EN GÉORGIEN .
Obverse description : Buste du Christ nimbé de face, tenant les Évangiles.
Obverse translation : (Jésus Christ/ Au nom de Dieu, frappe l’an Koronikon 450).

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDE EN GÉORGIEN.
Reverse description : Au centre R’ S’ N’ en géorgien.
Reverse translation : Légende circulaire en arabe (Reine des Reines, gloire du Monde et de la Foi Rousoudan fille de Tamar, champion du Messie).

Commentary


Ce type semble très rare inspiré par le monnayage de Nicéphore III (1078-1081) d’où le surnom de “Botinati” donné parfois à cette monnaie. C’est la première fois que nous proposons un exemplaire de ce type.

Historical background


GEORGIA - ROUSOUDAN

(1223-1245)

Rousoudan is the daughter Tamar of Georgia and her second husband, King David. It belongs to the Bragation dynasty. She succeeded in 1223 to his brother King George IV. In the autumn of 1225, Georgia was attacked by the king of Khwarezm, who fled before the Mongols. The Georgians are crushed at the Battle of Garni in 1225. The Tiflis capital is taken in 1226. The Christian population who refuses to convert to Islam is slaughtered and the churches destroyed. In 1235, Georgia suffered the Mongol invasion, which has already seized Iran. The queen must flee. Meanwhile, Rousoudan seeks help from the western courts and Pope Gregory IX, then from his son-in-law the Sultan of Rum. The queen is forced to seek peace, which is granted in 1242 with a status of vassal Mongols against the payment of an annual tribe of 50 000 hyperpères (Byzantine gold coins). The Queen must also send her son and heir David to Karakorum to receive his investiture from the Mongol Khan as heir to the throne. Very tested, the queen dies in 1245.

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