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Live auction - bry_532737 - FRANCIS II. COINAGE IN THE NAME OF HENRY II Double Henri d'or 1er type 1559 Rouen

FRANCIS II. COINAGE IN THE NAME OF HENRY II Double Henri d or 1er type 1559 Rouen XF
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Estimate : 6 000 €
Price : 3 500 €
Maximum bid : 3 500 €
End of the sale : 04 June 2019 16:39:10
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Double Henri d'or 1er type
Date: 1559
Mint name / Town : Rouen
Quantity minted : 28100
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 958 ‰
Diameter : 27,5 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 7,23 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Ce double henri d’or a été fortement nettoyé et présente de fines rayures dans les champs. Taches noires au revers. Cet exemplaire présente de beaux reliefs et un léger tréflage au revers
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient du trésor d’Iteuil (Vienne, sud de Poitiers), monnaie n° 4


Obverse legend : .HENRICVS. II. D. G. FRAN. REX.
Obverse description : Buste cuirassé à droite d’Henri II.
Obverse translation : (Henri II, par la grâce de Dieu, roi des Francs).


Reverse legend : (SOLEIL) DVM. TOTVM. COMPLEAT. ORBEM (MM) 1559.
Reverse description : Croix formée de quatre H couronnées, cantonnée aux 1 et 4 d’un lis, aux 2 et 3 d’un croissant ; lettre d’atelier en cœur de la croix.
Reverse translation : (Pour qu'il remplisse l'Univers).

Historical background



Eldest son of Henry II and Catherine de Medici, Francis II was born in Fontainebleau in 1544. In 1558, he married Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland and niece of the Duke of Guise and the Cardinal of Lorraine. Ascended the throne in 1559 after the fatal accident to his father, a young King abandoned the effective exercise of the power to disgraced Guise and the Constable de Montmorency, favorite of the preceding reign. The Government of Guise alienated part of the nobility and the Bourbon family. He continued persecution against Protestants and repressed in blood the conspiracy of Amboise (1560), rising to seize the person of the young king. The assembly of notables met in the same year Fontainebleau disavowed the Guise and the Queen Mother Catherine began to establish the influence it would retain under the following reigns. Thus began the civil wars, which under the name of religious wars would last until 1593. Abroad in the course of business and the crisis began, frail, Francis II died in 1560, aged just sixteen.

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