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fjt_08149 - FREEMASONRY GRAND ORIENT DE FRANCE n.d.

FREEMASONRY GRAND ORIENT DE FRANCE AU
Not available.
Item sold on our e-shop (2010)
Price : 175.00 €
Type : GRAND ORIENT DE FRANCE
Date: n.d.
Metal : red copper
Diameter : 29 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Edge : cannelée
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : JUNCTI. ROBORANTUR ; À L'EXERGUE : G... O... F....
Obverse description : Faisceau surmonté d'un aigle, cerné de deux palmes.
Obverse translation : Notre union fait notre force.

Reverse


Reverse legend : OMNIBUS. UNUS.
Reverse description : Serpent formant un cercle. Au centre, un niveau avec une tête jeune rayonnante.
Reverse translation : Le seul de tous.

Commentary


La franc-maçonnerie s’implante en France aux alentours du premier quart du XVIIIe s. sous l’influence d’aristocrates anglais. Initiatique, elle est fondée sur le rite hiramique, du nom d’Hiram de Tyr, personnage biblique, architecte du roi Salomon sur le chantier du Temple et qui a résisté à la torture sans livrer ses secrets. Hiram a aussi donné un point de départ du calendrier maçonnique commençant 4000 ans avant le calendrier chrétien. Les symboles servent de signes de reconnaissance entre les initiés, notamment des outils de constructeur de cathédrales (équerre, compas, niveau, maillet, etc.), des formes (triangle, étoile), des nombres (trois, cinq, sept) et des lettres.

Historical background


FREEMASONRY

The compass and the square are very often associated in an ambivalent symbol of balance: fixity and mobility, passive and active, matter and spirit.. The compass is the tool of the Creator and of the great Architect of the Universe. The spacing of the branches of the compass obeys precise rules and varies according to the three degrees: apprentice, companion, master. The Napoleonic era, in the activity of lodges as in that of many groups, saw a flowering after the terrible years of the revolutionary period. Masonic activity, rid of its republican theories and firmly controlled by a Grand-Master appointed by the Emperor, experienced a vigor in unity never found since.. It is considered that each regiment, each garrison, each city had its Lodge. The testimonies that the sumptuous tokens of the period leave us show that these lodges were rich and influential.. The symbolism is sought after, without comparison with the later eras, which were much more conventional, even bland or destitute at the beginning of the 20th century.. Freemasonry had more than a thousand lodges spread over one hundred and thirty departments and more than sixty thousand Brothers.

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