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fjt_530645 - FREEMASONRY Bi-Centenary of the Grand Lodge of England - Duke of Connaught - GRANDE LOGE D’ANGLETERRe 1917

FREEMASONRY Bi-Centenary of the Grand Lodge of England - Duke of Connaught  - GRANDE LOGE D’ANGLETERRe XF
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Type : Bi-Centenary of the Grand Lodge of England - Duke of Connaught - GRANDE LOGE D’ANGLETERRe
Date: 1917
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 29,32 g.
Edge : Lisse
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la Collection JCT

Obverse


Obverse legend : PLEIN CHAMP, DANS UNE FLEUR AUX CINQ PÉTALES, PORTRAIT TROIS QUART, FACE GAUCHE DU DUKE DE CONNAUGHT .

Reverse


Reverse legend : BLASON DE LA GRANDE LOGE D’ANGLETERRE ; INSCRIPTIONS : H. R. H. THE DUKE OF CONNAUGHT M. W. G. M. 1917. AU BAS : 1717 - 1917. DE CHAQUE COTÉ DU BLASON, UN ANGE AVEC UNE AILE DÉPLOYÉE VERS LE BLASON, À LEURS PIEDS, UN PHYLACTÈRE : AUDI VIDE TACE (ÉCOUTE, OBSERVE ET TAIS-TOI, SI TU VEUX VIVRE). SIGNÉ EN PETIT SPENCER RD 659983 .

Commentary


Médaille surmontée d’une couronne, ornée de fleur de lys, croix de Malte et Templière.
ÉDOUARD VII (1841-1910): Ses efforts de rapprochement des différents pays européens lui valent le surnom d'Édouard le Pacificateur. En 1874, avant de monter sur le trône, en son titre de Prince de Galles, Franc-Maçon il devient Grand Maître de la Grande Loge Unie d'Angleterre, lors d'une cérémonie tenue au Royal Albert Hall. Il nomme ses deux frères, le duc de Connaught et le duc d'Albany, Premier et Second Grand Surveillant. La franc-maçonnerie anglaise connaît un grand essor sous son règne.

Références :
- Worcestershire 68. Plate V. 2)
- The medals and jewels of British Freemasonry, page 57, N° 229. .

Historical background


FREEMASONRY

The compass and the square are very often associated in an ambivalent symbol of balance: fixity and mobility, passive and active, matter and spirit.. The compass is the tool of the Creator and of the great Architect of the Universe. The spacing of the branches of the compass obeys precise rules and varies according to the three degrees: apprentice, companion, master. The Napoleonic era, in the activity of lodges as in that of many groups, saw a flowering after the terrible years of the revolutionary period. Masonic activity, rid of its republican theories and firmly controlled by a Grand-Master appointed by the Emperor, experienced a vigor in unity never found since.. It is considered that each regiment, each garrison, each city had its Lodge. The testimonies that the sumptuous tokens of the period leave us show that these lodges were rich and influential.. The symbolism is sought after, without comparison with the later eras, which were much more conventional, even bland or destitute at the beginning of the 20th century.. Freemasonry had more than a thousand lodges spread over one hundred and thirty departments and more than sixty thousand Brothers.

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