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E-auction 41-16260 - fre_317000 - FLANDERS - COUNTY OF FLANDERS - PHILIP THE GOOD Double gros dit "Vierlander" n.d. Gand ou Bruges

FLANDERS - COUNTY OF FLANDERS - PHILIP THE GOOD Double gros dit  Vierlander  n.d. Gand ou Bruges XF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 180 €
Price : 87 €
Maximum bid : 120 €
End of the sale : 27 January 2014 17:08:00
bidders : 11 bidders
Type : Double gros dit "Vierlander"
Date: (1434-1456)
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : Gand ou Bruges
Quantity minted : 23436767
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 479 ‰
Diameter : 29,1 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 3,26 g.
Coments on the condition:
Reliefs nets. Faiblesse de frappe
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : + PH’S° DEI° GRA° DVX° BVRG° Z° COMES° FLAND, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX ANNELETS SUPERPOSÉS).
Obverse description : Champ écartelé de Bourgogne.
Obverse translation : (Philippe, par la grâce de Dieu, duc et Bourgogne et comte de Flandre).

Reverse


Reverse legend : + MONET-A° NOVA° C-OMITIS° - FLAND’, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX ANNELETS SUPERPOSÉS, LES N ROMAINES SONT RÉTROGRADES).
Reverse description : Croix, dont le cœur en forme de losange évidé porte un lis, cantonnée aux 1 et 4 d'un lion grimpant, aux 2 et 3 d'un lis.
Reverse translation : (Monnaie nouvelle du comté de Flandre).

Historical background


FLANDERS - COUNTY OF FLANDERS - PHILIP THE GOOD

(1419-1467)

Philippe le Bon (1396-1467), son of Jean sans Peur and Marguerite of Bavaria, succeeded his father after the assassination of Montereau in 1419. He allied himself with Henry V of England to oppose the dauphin qu 'he considers responsible for the death of his father and is the instigator of the Treaty of Troyes of 1420. He marries in 1409 Michelle de France who is assassinated in 1422, then in 1424 Bonne d'Artois who dies the following year, finally Isabella of Portugal (1397-1472) in 1429. After the death of Henry V and Charles VI in 1422, he recognized Henry VI as King of France and England. Thanks to a skilful policy, he united the county of Flanders and the duchy of Burgundy, the county of Namur in 1429, the duchies of Brabant and Limburg in 1430, the counties of Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland in 1433, the duchy of Luxembourg in 1462. He reformed part of the former Lotharingia for his own benefit. He founded the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1430. He was reconciled with Charles VII in 1435 who further enlarged his possessions in Artois. He died in 1467, the richest lord in Europe.

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