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E-auction 510-422089 - bpv_316577 - HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA Tétradrachme syro-phénicien

HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA Tétradrachme syro-phénicien XF
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Estimate : 100 €
Price : 43 €
Maximum bid : 53 €
End of the sale : 23 January 2023 15:08:30
bidders : 13 bidders
Type : Tétradrachme syro-phénicien
Date: 249
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie
Metal : billon
Diameter : 27 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 12,19 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Très faible usure, léger piqué, épaisse patine noire
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire, qui illustre le type dans le Roman Coins of Antioche de Richard McAlee, est le 0607_003 de la base TSP


Obverse description : Buste drapé et diadémé d’Herennia Etruscilla à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant, posé sur un croissant lunaire (L15), un globule sous le buste.
Obverse translation : (L’empereur césar Caius Messius Quintus Trajan Dèce auguste).


Reverse legend : S C À L’EXERGUE.
Reverse description : Aigle debout à droite sur une palme, les ailes déployées, tête à droite et queue à gauche, tenant une couronne feuillée dans son bec.
Reverse legend : DHMARC EX OUSIAS.
Reverse translation : (Revêtu de la puissance tribunitienne / avec l’accord du Sénat d’Antioche).


Dans la base TSP maintenue par Michel Prieur, onze exemplaires sont maintenant répertoriés pour ce type, dont en quatre en musées British Museum, ANS (2) et Paris.

Historical background



Wife of Trajan Decius, mother Herennius etruscus and Hostilianus - Augusta

Étruscille is derived from the Italian aristocracy. She is aged about forty years when it receives the title of augusta in 249, as part of the second issue of Trajan Decius. The following year, his eldest son Herennius etruscus received the title of Caesar, and proclaimed august when his father went to fight the Goths. They will find both death. Before leaving, Trajan Decius Caesar appointed his second son, who was proclaimed Hostilianus august after the death of his father and his brother, perhaps at the instigation of new august Trebonianus Galle. Étruscille, who had remained in Rome, continues to be associated with counterfeiting. Hostilianus dies at the end of summer or early fall of 251 victims of the plague or of his protector, Trebonianus Galle, who hastens to proclaim his son Volusien august. Étruscille disappears from the coinage. She retired into private life was perhaps murdered, history does not say.

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