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bpv_316859 - HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA Tétradrachme syro-phénicien

HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA Tétradrachme syro-phénicien AU
350.00 €(Approx. 388.50$ | 301.00£)
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Type : Tétradrachme syro-phénicien
Date: 249
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie
Metal : billon
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 12,25 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Patine sombre, flan peu régulier
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire, qui provient de la Collection de Richard McAlee, illustre le type dans son livre Coins of Roman Antioch, et est le 0613_002 de la base TSP

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste drapé et diadémé d’Herennia Etruscilla à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant, posé sur un croissant lunaire (L15), une S sous le buste.
Obverse legend : ERENNIA ETROUSKILLA SEB.
Obverse translation : (L’empereur césar Caius Messius Quintus Trajan Dèce auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : S C À L’EXERGUE.
Reverse description : Aigle debout à gauche sur une palme, les ailes déployées, tête à gauche et queue à droite, tenant une couronne feuillée dans son bec.
Reverse legend : DHMARC EX OUSIAS.
Reverse translation : (Revêtu de la puissance tribunitienne / avec l’accord du Sénat d’Antioche).

Commentary


On note que les sigma sont gravés en C.
Dans la base TSP maintenue par Michel Prieur, sept exemplaires sont maintenant répertoriés pour ce type, dont en musée, un à l’ANS et deux à Doura/Yale.

Historical background


ÉTRUSCILLE

(251) Herennia Cupressenia Etruscilla

Wife of Trajan Decius, mother Herennius etruscus and Hostilianus - Augusta (249-251)

Étruscille is derived from the Italian aristocracy. She is aged about forty years when it receives the title of augusta in 249, as part of the second issue of Trajan Decius. The following year, his eldest son Herennius etruscus received the title of Caesar, and proclaimed august when his father went to fight the Goths. They will find both death. Before leaving, Trajan Decius Caesar appointed his second son, who was proclaimed Hostilianus august after the death of his father and his brother, perhaps at the instigation of new august Trebonianus Galle. Étruscille, who had remained in Rome, continues to be associated with counterfeiting. Hostilianus dies at the end of summer or early fall of 251 victims of the plague or of his protector, Trebonianus Galle, who hastens to proclaim his son Volusien august. Étruscille disappears from the coinage. She retired into private life was perhaps murdered, history does not say.

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