+ Filters
New Search
Available Exact wording Only in the title

fme_460601 - FRENCH STATE Médaille du maréchal Pétain, broche de sympathie au Régime de Vichy

FRENCH STATE Médaille du maréchal Pétain, broche de sympathie au Régime de Vichy AU
120.00 €(Approx. 130.80$ | 99.60£)
Add to your cartAdd to your cart
Type : Médaille du maréchal Pétain, broche de sympathie au Régime de Vichy
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : 03 - Vichy
Metal : plastic
Diameter : 29,5 mm
Weight : 2,75 g.
Edge : lisse
Coments on the condition:
Objet intéressant dans une sorte de plastique très léger.


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste à gauche du maréchal, coiffé de sa casquette de maréchal.


Reverse description : Aiguille d’accroche.


La matière utilisée est assez inhabituelle, avec une indication OR 994. La signature est illisible derrière le cou.
Philippe Pétain, couramment appelé maréchal Pétain, né le 24 avril 1856 à Cauchy-à-la-Tour (Pas-de-Calais) et mort le 23 juillet 1951 à Port-Joinville, sur l'île d'Yeu (Vendée), est un militaire, diplomate et homme d'État français particulièrement controversé....

Historical background



Arising from the collapse of the Third Republic in the subsequent French defeat in May-June 1940, the French state is founded by a vote of Parliament in National Assembly Vichy July 10, 1940. The National Assembly by 569 yes, 80 no and 17 abstentions give "all powers to the government of the Republic, under the authority and the signature of Marshall Pétain, to the effect of promulgating by one or more acts of a new constitution French State ". This constitution must "guarantee the rights of Labour, Family and Fatherland". Six acts of 1940, the President of the Republic is eliminated in favor of Marshal Petain, head of the French State. A supreme court is created. Marshal Petain has a full power not only government but also as legislative appoint and dismiss ministers, and he appoints to all civil or military posts. It also has justice and armed force. It negotiates and ratifies treaties. From 1941, all officials must take an oath to the Head of State. Moral and intellectual reform tackles divorce, abortion, alcoholism, prohibited Freemasonry and creates a Commissioner for Jewish Affairs. Unions are deleted and replaced by a corporate system. The family is supported and retirement of workers is established. The Montoire of 24 October 1940 France engages in the way of collaboration becomes total since June 1941 with the attacks of the communist resistance. The French government is also committed to the side of Germany in an anti-Bolshevik crusade. After the gradual loss of the Empire, the southern area is occupied by the Germans causing the scuttling of the fleet at Toulon. With the introduction of Compulsory Work Service (S. T. O. ), The resistance seen its numbers increase. The attacks, and repression, while increasing formed the National Council of Resistance. Landing and uprisings resistance allow the Provisional Government of the French Republic to increase its control. August 20, 1944, Marshal Pétain was taken by the Germans to Sigmaringen. 25, Leclerc's division was the first to enter Paris in a state of insurrection, and the death knell of the Vichy regime.

cgb.fr uses cookies to guarantee a better user experience and to carry out statistics of visits.
To remove the banner, you must accept or refuse their use by clicking on the corresponding buttons.