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fmd_528224 - Essai du concours de 20 francs par Morlon 1950 Paris GEM.208 2

Essai du concours de 20 francs par Morlon 1950 Paris GEM.208 2 MS
120.00 €(Approx. 133.20$ | 102.00£)
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Type : Essai du concours de 20 francs par Morlon
Date: 1950
Mint name / Town : Paris
Quantity minted : 1200
Metal : bronze-aluminium
Diameter : 23,4 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 4,0 g.
Edge : lisse
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : REPUBLIQUE - FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Buste couronné de la République à gauche, coiffée du bonnet phrygien ; signé MORLON à l'exergue.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LIBERTE/ EGALITE/ FRATERNITE/ 20/ FRANCS/ (CORNE) 1950 (MM)/ ESSAI.
Reverse description : Valeur faciale encadrée de deux petites branches d'olivier.

Commentary


Le concours pour la pièce de 20 francs est institué par décret du 4 août 1949. Participent au concours Guiraud, Guzman, Morlon, Simon et Turin. les exemplaires sont frappés en pré-séries sans le mot ESSAI à 25 exemplaires et en ESSAI à 1.200 exemplaires.

Historical background


FOURTH REPUBLIC

(16/01/1947-8/01/1959)

Characterized by a parliamentary system coupled with a large ministerial instability, the Fourth Republic has the distinction of never having been officially proclaimed. Indeed, De Gaulle, on his arrival in Paris August 25, 1944, refused to do so on the pretext that the Republic had never ceased to exist. Whereas the French State Marshal Petain was a simple situation, he believes that the Republic has survived in France and free his birth must be 18 June 1940. However, his departure, January 20, 1946 and the referendum of 13 October 1946 approving a new constitution, marked the official beginning of the republic. She knows two presidents: Vincent Auriol (01.16.1947 - 23.12.1953) and René Coty (12/23/1953 - 01/08/1959). Open crisis caused by the revolt of the army leads Algeria, in 1958, his fall is confirmed by the adoption of a new constitution September 28, 1958. However, it completely ceases to be that January 8, 1959 during the installation of General de Gaulle as President of the Fifth Republic.

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