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Live auction - fmd_429627 - Épreuve de 20 francs Turin en cupro-nickel 1939 Paris GEM.200 8

Épreuve de 20 francs Turin en cupro-nickel 1939 Paris GEM.200 8 MS62
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Estimate : 3 000 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 13 June 2017 17:43:27
Type : Épreuve de 20 francs Turin en cupro-nickel
Date: 1939
Mint name / Town : Paris
Quantity minted : ---
Metal : copper nickel
Diameter : 32,83 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 15,63 g.
Edge : striée très finement
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Coup devant le nez et chocs multiples sur la joue mais la monnaie conserve une grande partie de son brillant d’origine
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire de la Collection Éric BAUJARD ; provient de la vente MONNAIES 60, lot n°315


Obverse description : Tête de la République aux cheveux courts à droite, coiffée d'un bonnet phrygien lauré ; signé P. TURIN sous le cou le long du listel.


Reverse description : entre deux épis de blé verticaux, faciale et millésime en trois lignes, séparés de la triade républicaine, également en trois lignes, par deux feuilles des épis se rejoignant.


Diamètre plus petit (32,83 mm), poids plus léger (15,63 g) que la frappe normale et en cupro-nickel. Cette monnaie ne peut pas être un essai sans le mot essai, contradiction dans les termes. Il s’agit d’une épreuve même si ce poids n'a pas été suivi. Compte tenu de la date et des circonstances, il a peut-être été envisagé de faire une 20 francs légère, comme d'autres faciales ont été allégées, dans un autre métal que l’argent, mais les événements ont amené à la suppression totale du type et non à une simple baisse de poids et à un changement de métal. À ce titre, cette monnaie charnière est de toute première importance.
Seulement sept exemplaires connus (d’après “Essais Monétaires & Piéforts Français”).

Historical background



The news of the capitulation of Sedan causes the revolution of September 4, 1870 in Paris. Proclaimed at the Hotel de Ville, the Republic has a provisional government called the Government of National Defence. Left threatened by insurrection of the Commune and right by the monarchists, the new regime had a difficult start. Chief executive in the first phase (February 1871), Thiers is responsible for reorganizing the country before deciding on the form of government. He became president in August 1871 and, despite its release action of the territory, to leave his post in March 1873 against the royalist opposition. It is then replaced by MacMahon favorable to the restoration of the monarchy but it is not restored after the flag issue. The law of the seven is then introduced in November 1873 and in 1875 were voted the fundamental laws that serve Constitution of the Third Republic. Parliamentary system, it is characterized by the preponderance of the legislature over the executive. Anticlerical, the Third Republic makes free, secular and compulsory education but continued the colonial policy for its economic, strategic and moral ambitions. The separation of church and state was passed in 1905. The idea of ​​revenge on Germany and an important nationalism are at the heart of the Boulanger crisis, the Panama scandal and the Dreyfus affair years 1886-1899 while foreign policy is very active especially in Morocco and the arms race develops. The First World War is expensive to France which rises until 1920 or 1928 to the currency with the franc "Poincaré". The 1929 crisis is felt until 1932 but lasted until 1939, during which the ministerial instability is very important. Vacillating in 1934, the Third Republic is a new cement unit with anti-fascism that allows the rise to power of the Popular Front in 1936. But paralyzed face Germany, France will then get stuck in a "phoney war" and know one of the greatest defeats in its history in June 1940. National Assembly met in Vichy July 10, 1940, Chambers, however, elected in 1936, voted full powers to Pétain in a kind of collective suicide by 569 votes for, 80 votes against and 18 abstentions.

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