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Live auction - fwo_361659 - SCOTLAND - CHARLES I OF ENGLAND Unité n.d. Édimbourg

SCOTLAND - CHARLES I OF ENGLAND Unité n.d. Édimbourg XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 4 000 €
Price : 2 500 €
Maximum bid : 2 630 €
End of the sale : 29 September 2015 17:58:34
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Unité
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : Édimbourg
Metal : gold
Diameter : 35,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 9,94 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Cette unité d’or porte des traces de monture ancienne, limées. Elle conserve un aspect brillant suite à un nettoyage. Elle est légèrement décentrée et présente une petite usure
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : CAROLVS. D: G. MAG. BRITAN. FRAN. ET. HIB. REX.(CHARDON).B..
Obverse description : Buste de Charles Ier à droite coupant la légende, vue à mi-corps, l’armure damasquinée avec le col plat et l’ordre de la jarretière tenant un sceptre de la main droite et un globe crucigère de la gauche.
Obverse translation : (Charles par la grâce de Dieu, roi d’Angleterre, de France et d’Écosse).

Reverse


Reverse legend : HIS. PRAESVM. VT. PROSIM..
Reverse description : Écu couronné écartelé au 1e et 4e d’Ecosse au 2e contre-écartelé de France et d’Angleterre et au 3e d’Irlande, accosté de C - R couronnés.
Reverse translation : (Sous les auspices du Royaume du Christ).

Commentary


Cette unité d’or qui équivaut à 20 schillings anglais, est l’oeuvre du graveur Nicolas Briot qui fut graveur général à la Monnaie de Paris de 1606 à 1625 où il introduisit la frappe au balancier. Il dut s’enfuir en Angleterre en 1625, criblé de dettes. Il devint alors graveur à la Royal Mint d’Angleterre. Le petit ‘B” au revers situé à côté du chardon est sa marque de graveur.

Historical background


SCOTLAND - CHARLES I OF ENGLAND

(1625-1649)

Charles I was the son of Jacques I of England (1603-1625) (or Jacques VI of Scotland, 1567-1625) and the grand-son of Mary Stuart murdered by her cousin Elizabeth of England in the Tower of London 1587. Charles, born in 1600, succeeded his father Jacques VI in 1625, the year of his marriage to Henriette de France, sister of Louis XIII. Charles had kept his confidence to the Duke of Buckingham, the favorite of his father. The war soon broke out between the Duke and the Cardinal. In 1627, the British won several naval victories over the French fleet trying to establish the blockade of La Rochelle. In 1628, 28 October, the city capitulated. Meanwhile, Buckingham was assassinated. The King came into conflict with Parliament who accused him of absolutism and encourage Catholics. Civil war broke out in 1642 and lasted seven years. The "Roundheads" supporters of Parliament and Cromwell defeated the "Cavaliers" party of the King who was eventually tried and executed in 1649. The republic was proclaimed and Cromwell was the first "Lord Protector".

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