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v22_0523 - DOMBES - PRINCIPALITY OF DOMBES - GASTON OF ORLEANS Double tournois, type 16

DOMBES - PRINCIPALITY OF DOMBES - GASTON OF ORLEANS Double tournois, type 16 XF
MONNAIES 22 (2005)
Starting price : 35.00 €
Estimate : 55.00 €
Realised price : 48.00 €
Number of bids : 3
Maximum bid : 48.00 €
Type : Double tournois, type 16
Date: 1641
Mint name / Town : Trévoux
Metal : copper
Diameter : 20,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 2,70 g.
Coments on the condition:
Ce double tournois est frappé sur un flan régulier et assez large laissant apparaître l’essentiel des grènetis extérieurs. Une légère patine marron le recouvre. Petit paillage dans le champ, devant le visage du prince
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : + GASTON. VSV. D. LA. SOV. DOM. (MM).
Obverse description : Buste drapé à droite de Gaston d'Orléans portant une fraise.
Obverse translation : (Gaston, usufruitier de la souveraineté de Dombes).

Reverse


Reverse legend : + DOVBLE. TOVRNOIS. 1641.
Reverse description : Trois lis posés 2 et 1 sous un lambel à trois pendants (Orléans).

Historical background


DOMBES - PRINCIPALITY DOMBES - ORLEANS GASTON

(1628-1657)

Gaston (1608-1660) was the third son of Henry IV and Marie de Medici. He received the title of Duke of Orleans after the death of his brother Nicolas in 1611. He is engaged in the same year the daughter of Duke Henry of Bourbon-Montpensier whom he married in 1626. She died in 1627 giving birth to a baby girl, Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans (1627-1693), the future Grande Mademoiselle. Gaston is usufructuary for his daughter to the 1650-1657 period. This is a born conspirator. First he supports his mother he is the favorite against his brother Louis XIII son. He returned to favor in 1625, but still participate in the Day of Dupes in 1630. He is obliged to leave the kingdom, and took refuge in Lorraine conspires with Duke Charles IV which he married the sister, Marguerite of Lorraine (1615-1672), in 1632 and they had three daughters. Louis XIII invaded Lorraine and breaks the marriage. At the end of the reign of Louis XIII, he is reconciled with his brother after the death of Richelieu. After the death of Louis XIII, it will be a major player in the Fronde between 1645 and 1654. He returned to favor after 1657, makes Dombes his daughter and died in 1660 leaving his collection to his nephew, Louis XIV.

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