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fme_471021 - DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Virgile de Toulouse, Capitulation de Mantoue

DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Virgile de Toulouse, Capitulation de Mantoue XF
120.00 €(Approx. 145.20$ | 103.20£)
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Type : Médaille, Virgile de Toulouse, Capitulation de Mantoue
Date: (1797)
Metal : copper
Diameter : 35,5 mm
Weight : 31,07 g.
Edge : lisse + corne CUIVRE
Puncheon : corne CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Jolis reliefs malgré une patine marron hétérogène présentant des taches noires

Obverse


Obverse legend : VIRGILIUS - MARO..
Obverse description : Tête de jeune homme à l’antique (Virgile de Toulouse) à droite, signé : DENON. DT et F. GATTEAU FECIT.

Reverse


Reverse legend : CAPITULATION DE MANTOUE XXX JANVIER MDCCXCVII..
Reverse description : Couronne tourellée au dessus d’un cygne.

Commentary


Il s’agit d’une frappe moderne présentant la corne d’abondance sur la tranche.
Un exemplaire similaire est visible au Musée Carnavalet.
Cf. http://parismuseescollections.paris.fr/fr/musee-carnavalet/oeuvres/capitulation-de-mantoue-30-janvier-1797-1
D’après Wikipedia, Virgile de Toulouse (ou Virgilius Maro) est un grammairien du VIe siècle et début VIIe siècle. Il était le troisième Virgile à être professeur à l'école de Toulouse fondée par un certain Donat..

Historical background


EXECUTIVE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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