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fme_469973 - DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Louis Lazare Hoche

DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Louis Lazare Hoche XF
50.00 €(Approx. 54.50$ | 41.50£)
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Type : Médaille, Louis Lazare Hoche
Date: (1797)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 40,81 mm
Weight : 37,5 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire d’aspect nettoyé. Présence de coups et rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : LF. HOCHE GENERAL EN CHEF - DES ARMEES FRANÇAISES .
Obverse description : Tête à gauche du général, signé sur le cou : GAYRARD F. et à l’exergue : DEPUYMAURIN D..

Reverse


Reverse legend : WEISSEMBOURG / LANDAU / PACON DE LA VENDÉE / NEU-WIED / - / NÉ A VERSAILLES EN 1768 / MORT EN 1797..
Reverse description : Légende en 6 lignes dans une couronne de laurier et chêne.

Commentary


La médaille s’inscrit dans la série des hommes illustres émise sous Louis Philippe Ier.

Historical background


EXECUTIVE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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