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E-auction 569-512287 - fme_469973 - DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Louis Lazare Hoche

DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Louis Lazare Hoche XF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 50 €
Price : 11 €
Maximum bid : 14 €
End of the sale : 11 March 2024 19:56:20
bidders : 2 bidders
Type : Médaille, Louis Lazare Hoche
Date: (1797)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 40,81 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 37,5 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire d’aspect nettoyé. Présence de coups et rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : LF. HOCHE GENERAL EN CHEF - DES ARMEES FRANÇAISES .
Obverse description : Tête à gauche du général, signé sur le cou : GAYRARD F. et à l’exergue : DEPUYMAURIN D..

Reverse


Reverse legend : WEISSEMBOURG / LANDAU / PACON DE LA VENDÉE / NEU-WIED / - / NÉ A VERSAILLES EN 1768 / MORT EN 1797..
Reverse description : Légende en 6 lignes dans une couronne de laurier et chêne.

Commentary


La médaille s’inscrit dans la série des hommes illustres émise sous Louis Philippe Ier.

Historical background


DIRECTOIRE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

When the Convention separated on October 25, 1795, a new executive power provided for by the Thermidorian constitution was put in place.. This constitution plans to entrust power to a board of five members, each of whom presides in turn, with the replacement of one member every two years.. This board appoints ministers and civil servants, directs foreign policy and enforces laws, but it does not draft them and has no control over public funds.. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the Legislative Body.. This power is determined to maintain itself in the face of the risk of a monarchical restoration or a Jacobin reaction, but it is above all paralyzed by the financial crisis and must give up the assignat in 1796.. The replacement of the assignats by the territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiduciary coin is abolished in 1797. Faced with misery and attempts at destabilization, the Directory, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returned to revolutionary and police measures. Moreover, since 1792, the war has been uninterrupted and the influence of military leaders is growing.. In 1799, the supporters of a strong power, including Sieyès, found themselves in the Directory and they opened the way to power for Bonaparte, back from Egypt.. The coup of 18 and 19 brumaire year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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