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fme_597188 - DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Débarquement de Napoléon à Alexandrie, refrappe

DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Débarquement de Napoléon à Alexandrie, refrappe VF
35.00 €(Approx. 38.15$ | 29.05£)
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Type : Médaille, Débarquement de Napoléon à Alexandrie, refrappe
Date: 1798
Metal : tin
Diameter : 38,5 mm
Weight : 22,99 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène. Concrétions à l’avers et au revers. Présence de coups et rayures. Du brillant de frappe est encore visible
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : NAPILONE BUONAPARTE - GENERAL OF THE FRENCH ARMY IN EGYPT.
Obverse description : Buste de face avec la tête de profil vers la gauche.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LANDED AT ALEXANDRIA / JULY 2. 1798. / MDCCXCIX.
Reverse description : Représentation d’un camp de guerre avec tentes, canon et ensemble de lances et armes. Pyramide à l’arrière plan.

Historical background


EXECUTIVE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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