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E-auction 514-427269 - brm_596214 - DIOCLETIAN Quinaire

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Estimate : 250 €
Price : 30 €
Maximum bid : 41 €
End of the sale : 20 February 2023 14:24:00
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Quinaire
Date: 285
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : copper
Diameter : 14 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 1,18 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan identifiable. Patine marron foncé


Obverse legend : IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Diocletianus Augustus”, (L'empereur Dioclétien auguste).


Reverse legend : IOVI CONS-E-RVATORI.
Reverse description : Jupiter debout à gauche, nu, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant le foudre de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche .
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori”, (À Jupiter protecteur).


Pour ce type, trois exemplaires sont recensés : celui du Kunsthistorishes de Vienne (70742)1,31 g , provenant de la collection Trau, celui du British Museum de Londres, provenant de la vente M&M XIII, n° 175 attribué à l’atelier de Rome, graveur A) 1,43 g et enfin celui du Cabinet des médailles de la BnF (13375a) 0,81 g graveur 1. Les exemplaires de Londres et de Paris sont de la même paire de coins. L’état de conservation de notre exemplaire ne permet pas d’établir une liaison de coin pertinente. C’est le quatrième exemplaire recensé. Prendra le n° 7d dans le supplément III du Bastien.

Historical background




Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. After having eliminated Aper, prefect of the praetorium, also father-in-law and assassin of Numérien, he put on the purple on November 20, 284. Fighting first against Carin, last son of Carus, he was beaten at Margus the following year. But Carin is assassinated and Diocletian alone remains august. He raised Maximian, a compatriot, to the rank of Caesar in November 285, then Augustus on April 1, 286. Diocletian had just created a new political regime, the dyarchy. Two emperors shared military and political power there, but Maximian remained subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian places himself under the Jovian protection (of Jupiter) while Maximian is of Herculean essence (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign fighting in the East, while Maximian remained in the West. Diocletian is the first emperor of the Lower Empire, according to the expression of Gibbons, and the founder of the dominion.

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