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brm_430985 - DIOCLETIAN Follis ou nummus

DIOCLETIAN Follis ou nummus XF
125.00 €(Approx. 136.25$ | 103.75£)
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Type : Follis ou nummus
Date: 300-301
Mint name / Town : Trèves
Metal : copper
Diameter : 27 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 9,73 g.
Rarity : R2
Officine: 1e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale, parfaitement centré des deux cotés. Joli portrait inhabituel. Patine gris foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Diocletianus Augustus”, (L'empereur Dioclétien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : MONETA. S. AVGG ET CAESS NN/ -|*// ATR.
Reverse description : Moneta (la Monnaie) drapée, debout à gauche, tenant une balance de la main droite et une corne d’abondance de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Moneta Sacra Augustorum et Cæsarum Nostrorum”, (La Monnaie sacrée de nos augustes et de nos césars).

Commentary


Avec son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Ptéryges fines sous le paludamentum. Buste très rare pour l’atelier de Trèves. Dans le Roman Imperial Coinage, nous avons un seul cas avec ce type de buste (A*2) associé à la légende courte IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, c’est un follis avec M SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN/ --*// BTR (RIC. 475).

Historical background


Diocletian

(20/11/284-1/05/305) Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

August (20/11/284-1/05/305)

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. It takes the purple after removing Aper, the praetorian prefect, stepfather and assassin Numerian, 20 November 284. Struggling against Carin first, last son of Carus, he was defeated at Margus the following year, but was assassinated and Carin Diocletian left alone august. He appoints Maximian, a compatriot, caesar in November 285 and august 1 April 286. It has created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share the military and political power, but is still subject to Maximian Diocletian. Diocletian is placed under the protection Jovian (Jupiter) while Maximian is Herculean gasoline (Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign waging war in the East, while Maximian rest in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of the Lower Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and founder of the dominat.

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