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brm_786436 - DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus

DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus AU/XF
Not available.
Item sold on our e-shop (2023)
Price : 55.00 €
Type : Aurelianus
Date: 293-294
Mint name / Town : Cyzicus
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 4,41 g.
Officine: 7e
Coments on the condition:
Flan large, centré. Très beau buste de l’empereur aux jolis détails. Revers bien lisible. Patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et drapé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Caesar Caius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus", (Empereur César Caius Valerius Dioclétien Auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : CONCORDIA MILI-TVM/ A// XXI.
Reverse description : Dioclétien, recevant un globe nicéphore de Jupiter debout face à face. Dioclétien est debout à gauche, lauré, vêtu militairement, tenant le scipio de la main gauche et Jupiter nu debout à droite, le manteau sur les épaules, tenant un sceptre long de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : "Concordia Militum", (La Concorde des Armées).

Historical background


DIOCLETIAN

(20/11/284-1/05/305)

Augustus

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. After having eliminated Aper, prefect of the praetorium, also father-in-law and assassin of Numérien, he put on the purple on November 20, 284. Fighting first against Carin, last son of Carus, he was beaten at Margus the following year. But Carin is assassinated and Diocletian alone remains august. He raised Maximian, a compatriot, to the rank of Caesar in November 285, then Augustus on April 1, 286. Diocletian had just created a new political regime, the dyarchy. Two emperors shared military and political power there, but Maximian remained subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian places himself under the Jovian protection (of Jupiter) while Maximian is of Herculean essence (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign fighting in the East, while Maximian remained in the West. Diocletian is the first emperor of the Lower Empire, according to the expression of Gibbons, and the founder of the dominion.

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