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brm_781619 - DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus

DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus AU
60.00 €(Approx. 65.40$ | 52.80£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: décembre
Date: 286
Mint name / Town : Siscia
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,92 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan centré des deux côtés, à l’usure régulière. Patine foncée
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Caius Valerius Diocletianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L'empereur césar Caius Valère Dioclétien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOVI CONSE-RVATORI/ A|-// XXI.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu debout à gauche avec le manteau déployé derrière lui, tenant un foudre de la main droite et un sceptre de la gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori”, (À Jupiter conservateur).

Commentary


Poids léger. Sans argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Ptéryges invisibles sous le paludamentum.

Historical background


Diocletian

(20/11/284-1/05/305)

August

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. It takes the purple after removing Aper, the praetorian prefect, stepfather and assassin Numerian, 20 November 284. Struggling against Carin first, last son of Carus, he was defeated at Margus the following year, but was assassinated and Carin Diocletian left alone august. He appoints Maximian, a compatriot, caesar in November 285 and august 1 April 286. It has created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share the military and political power, but is still subject to Maximian Diocletian. Diocletian is placed under the protection Jovian (Jupiter) while Maximian is Herculean gasoline (Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign waging war in the East, while Maximian rest in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of the Lower Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and founder of the dominat.

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