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brm_611516 - DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus

DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus AU
75.00 €(Approx. 81.00$ | 64.50£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: 292
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 22 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 4,28 g.
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire recouvert d’une épaisse patine de collection ancienne
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite drapé avec l’égide, vu de trois quarts en avant (B03).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Diocletianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Dioclétien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOVI - AVGG/ -|-// A.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu jusqu'à la ceinture assis à gauche, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et un sceptre long de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Augustorum”, (Au Jupiter des augustes).

Commentary


Avec son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Cuirasse et épaulière cloutées. Ptéryges fines. Égide sur l’épaule gauche.

Historical background


DIOCLETIAN

(20/11/284-1/05/305)

Augustus

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. After having eliminated Aper, prefect of the praetorium, also father-in-law and assassin of Numérien, he put on the purple on November 20, 284. Fighting first against Carin, last son of Carus, he was beaten at Margus the following year. But Carin is assassinated and Diocletian alone remains august. He raised Maximian, a compatriot, to the rank of Caesar in November 285, then Augustus on April 1, 286. Diocletian had just created a new political regime, the dyarchy. Two emperors shared military and political power there, but Maximian remained subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian places himself under the Jovian protection (of Jupiter) while Maximian is of Herculean essence (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign fighting in the East, while Maximian remained in the West. Diocletian is the first emperor of the Lower Empire, according to the expression of Gibbons, and the founder of the dominion.

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