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E-auction 131-71475 - DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus

DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 45 €
Price : 16 €
Maximum bid : 17 €
End of the sale : 19 October 2015 14:16:00
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: juillet 285 - 1er avril 286
Date: 285-286
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 4,37 g.
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire bien centré des deux côtés. Beau portrait. Flan légèrement taché au revers. Patine marron foncé, légèrement granuleuse

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Caius Valerius Diocletianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Caius Valerius Dioclétien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOVI CONSERVAT AVG/ B|-// -.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu debout à gauche, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant un foudre de la main droite et une haste renversée de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori Augusti”, (À Jupiter conservateur de l'auguste).

Commentary


Poids lourd. Sans argenture. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Ptéryges fines sous le paludamentum. Orientation des coins inhabituelle.

Historical background


Diocletian

(20/11/284-1/05/305) Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

August (20/11/284-1/05/305)

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. It takes the purple after removing Aper, the praetorian prefect, stepfather and assassin Numerian, 20 November 284. Struggling against Carin first, last son of Carus, he was defeated at Margus the following year, but was assassinated and Carin Diocletian left alone august. He appoints Maximian, a compatriot, caesar in November 285 and august 1 April 286. It has created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share the military and political power, but is still subject to Maximian Diocletian. Diocletian is placed under the protection Jovian (Jupiter) while Maximian is Herculean gasoline (Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign waging war in the East, while Maximian rest in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of the Lower Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and founder of the dominat.

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