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brm_706424 - DIOCLETIAN Aurélianus

105.00 €(Approx. 112.35$ | 90.30£)
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Type : Aurélianus
Date: 285-286
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,45 g.
Rarity : R2
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée avec des faiblesses. Joli revers, détaillé. Patine marron-gris
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : IMP DIOCLE-TIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Diocletianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Dioclétien auguste).


Reverse legend : IOVI CON-SERVAT AVGG.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu debout à de face, tourné à droite, avec le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant un foudre de la main gauche et un sceptre de la droite ; un aigle à ses pieds dans le champ à gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori Augustorum”, (À Jupiter le conservateur des augustes).

Historical background




Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. After having eliminated Aper, prefect of the praetorium, also father-in-law and assassin of Numérien, he put on the purple on November 20, 284. Fighting first against Carin, last son of Carus, he was beaten at Margus the following year. But Carin is assassinated and Diocletian alone remains august. He raised Maximian, a compatriot, to the rank of Caesar in November 285, then Augustus on April 1, 286. Diocletian had just created a new political regime, the dyarchy. Two emperors shared military and political power there, but Maximian remained subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian places himself under the Jovian protection (of Jupiter) while Maximian is of Herculean essence (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign fighting in the East, while Maximian remained in the West. Diocletian is the first emperor of the Lower Empire, according to the expression of Gibbons, and the founder of the dominion.

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