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brm_477005 - DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus

DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus AU
90.00 €(Approx. 98.10$ | 76.50£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: juillet 285 - 1er avril 286
Date: 285-286
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,56 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 4e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale avec un superbe buste malgré une concrétion verte dans le champ. Patine grise aux reflets métalliques

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Caius Valerius Diocletianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Caius Valerius Dioclétien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOVI CONSER-VATORI/ D|-// -.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu debout à gauche, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant un foudre de la main droite ete haste renversée de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori”, (À Jupiter conservateur).

Commentary


Avec son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Ptéryges fines sous le paludamentum.

Historical background


DIOCLETIAN

(20/11/284-1/05/305)

Augustus

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. After having eliminated Aper, prefect of the praetorium, also father-in-law and assassin of Numérien, he put on the purple on November 20, 284. Fighting first against Carin, last son of Carus, he was beaten at Margus the following year. But Carin is assassinated and Diocletian alone remains august. He raised Maximian, a compatriot, to the rank of Caesar in November 285, then Augustus on April 1, 286. Diocletian had just created a new political regime, the dyarchy. Two emperors shared military and political power there, but Maximian remained subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian places himself under the Jovian protection (of Jupiter) while Maximian is of Herculean essence (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign fighting in the East, while Maximian remained in the West. Diocletian is the first emperor of the Lower Empire, according to the expression of Gibbons, and the founder of the dominion.

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