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Live auction - bgr_681221 - CYRENAICA - CYRENE Litra

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Estimate : 1 000 €
Price : 851 €
Maximum bid : 851 €
End of the sale : 07 September 2021 14:54:01
bidders : 4 bidders
Type : Litra
Date: 331-322 AC.
Mint name / Town : Cyrène, Cyrénaïque
Metal : gold
Diameter : 8 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 0,87 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée des deux côtés. Très belle tête de Cybèle ainsi qu’un portrait de Karneios agréable. Patine de collection


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête juvénile et cornue de Karneios à gauche.
Obverse legend : KU.
Obverse translation : (Cydis).


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Tête féminine (Cyrène) à droite, les cheveux retenus dans un cécryphale.

Historical background


(IV - III century BC)

Cyrene, Cyrenaica port city was founded by Dorian colonists from the island of Thera around 630 BC They were headed Beaten, mythical ancestor of Battides who reigned two centuries Cyrene. The city was famous for the cultivation and harvesting of silphium, one of the most popular medicinal plants of antiquity, now defunct. The city, independent, was in the Egyptian orbit. When Alexander took Egypt in 332/331 BC, he signed a peace treaty with him Cyrene guaranteeing relative autonomy. After the death of the conqueror, the region fell under the domination Cyrene Lagide. In 322 BC, Cyrene appealed to Ptolemy to get rid of the tyrant Tibron. Satrap sent his Ophellas general who conquered the country, put the tyrant to death and settled as a strategist at Cyrene. Ophellas in turn was overthrown in 313 BC Ptolemy recovery Cyrene in 308 BC and installed his son Magas (308-277 AC). Magas entered revolt against Ptolemy II, his half brother between 277 and 261 BC After the death of Ptolemy Apion in 96 BC, Cyrenaica became a Roman province in 74 BC.

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