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fjt_072824 - CORPORATIONS Jeton Ar 30, marchands de Rouen 1750

CORPORATIONS Jeton Ar 30, marchands de Rouen VF
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Item sold on our e-shop.
Price : 28.00 €
Type : Jeton Ar 30, marchands de Rouen
Date: 1750
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 11,11 g.
Edge : cannelée
Coments on the condition:
Faible usure de circulation mais l’exemplaire a été nettoyé de façon un peu agressive par brossage. Bon centrage
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX - CHRISTIANISS..
Obverse description : Tête ceinte d’un bandeau à droite de Louis XV [n° 322] ; au-dessous signature cursive fm.
Obverse translation : (Louis XV roi très chrétien).

Reverse


Reverse legend : AMICO FOEDERE IUNCAT. ; À L'EXERGUE EN TROIS LIGNES : LA REUNION DES MDS./ DE ROUEN EN. 1706/ 1750.
Reverse description : La Paix, tenant un rameau d'olivier sous le soleil de la main gauche et serrant la main de la Justice qui tient une balance de la main gauche, l’agneau pascal entre elles.
Reverse translation : (Il [l'agneau] les lie par un traité d'amitié).

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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