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fjt_662510 - CORPORATIONS Fécandiers de Lyon 1745

CORPORATIONS Fécandiers de Lyon AU
250.00 €(Approx. 282.50$ | 210.00£)
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Type : Fécandiers de Lyon
Date: 1745
Metal : silver
Diameter : 31 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 10,63 g.
Edge : cannelée
Rarity : R2
Catalogue references :
F.10792  -  Tricou 56

Obverse


Obverse description : Armes de Lyon sur un cartouche accosté d'une palme et d'une branche de laurier.

Reverse


Reverse legend : AETERNUM DIGNA COLI ; À L'EXERGUE : FABRIQUE DES ETOFFES DE SOYE OR ET ARGENT 1745.
Reverse description : Minerve assise à gauche, dirigeant les travaux de deux petits génies assis devant elle et symbolisant le dessin et le tissage. L'un trace le dessin, et l'autre tient une navette à la main et contemple l'ouvrage du premier. A leurs pieds, quelques ustensiles de la fabrique, signé D.V..

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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