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fjt_632603 - CORPORATIONS Émission de 1750 1750

CORPORATIONS Émission de 1750 AU
90.00 €(Approx. 101.70$ | 76.50£)
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Type : Émission de 1750
Date: 1750
Metal : silver
Diameter : 31 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 9,78 g.
Edge : cannelée
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX. CHRISTIANISS.
Obverse description : Tête de Louis XV signée J.C.R [n°309], type Guéant Prieur 554A.
Obverse translation : Louis XV, roi très chrétien.

Reverse


Reverse legend : INSUPER. ALAS. ADDIDIMUS ; À L'EXERGUE : LES. JUGE. ET. CONSULS. 1750.
Reverse description : La Justice aveuglée marchant à droite et tenant de la dextre une épée et de la senestre une balance.
Reverse translation : Nous lui avons ajouté des ailes.

Commentary


Le terme de consuls désigne les juges des tribunaux de commerce établis par l'Édit de 1563. La juridiction consulaire de Paris se composait d'un juge et de quatre consuls élus chaque année par les six grands corps, comprenant également les marchands et les libraires imprimeurs.
On note que le buste utilisé est le même que pour le revers sans millésime alors que ce buste est par ailleurs daté de 1732.

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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