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fjt_07804 - CORPORATIONS Corporation des marchands fruitiers 1758

CORPORATIONS Corporation des marchands fruitiers VF
350.00 €(Approx. 381.50$ | 290.50£)
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Type : Corporation des marchands fruitiers
Date: 1758
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Edge : cannelée
Rarity : R2
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX. CHRISTIANISS.
Obverse description : Tête de Louis XV signée fm [n° 322].
Obverse translation : Louis XV, roi très chrétien.

Reverse


Reverse legend : SANCTUS. LEONARDUS ; À L'EXERGUE : COMMUNAUTE. DES. MD. FRUITIERS. ORANGE. DE. PARIS. 1758.
Reverse description : Saint Léonard, debout de face, délivrant deux esclaves.
Reverse translation : Saint Léonard.

Commentary


Le graveur utilisé ne devait pas être de très grande qualité mais le détail le plus intéressant est celui qui lie cette corporation de “marchands d’oranges” à l’esclavage qui sévissait dans le sud de la France avec les descentes de pillards musulmans sur les cotes du sud de la France.

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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