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E-auction 353-267182 - CORPORATIONS Bains publics 1760

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Estimate : 75 €
Price : 30 €
Maximum bid : 30 €
End of the sale : 20 January 2020 18:31:00
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Bains publics
Date: 1760
Metal : red copper
Diameter : 32,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 15,86 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : (abeille) CUIVRE
Rarity : R2
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX CHRISTIANISS..
Obverse description : Tête de Louis XV à droite, inédit et manque au Guéant Prieur, s’inspire du type 628 de Roettiers mais sans signature.


Reverse legend : LETTRES PATENTES DU ROI DU 4 AVRIL 1760.
Reverse description : dans une couronne de roseaux ouverte.


L’attribution aux bains publics repose sur la présence d’une couronne de roseaux et l’existence à la date de la patente d’un dépot d’un sieur Poitevin pour créer des bains de rivière dans des bateaux spécialement aménagés pour se faire. On trouvera tous les détails dans l’Encyclopédie méthodique des arts et métiers mécaniques.

Historical background


In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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