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fme_744327 - CHARLES IX Médaille, Charles IX et Catherine II de Médicis, frappe moderne

CHARLES IX Médaille, Charles IX et Catherine II de Médicis, frappe moderne AU
100.00 €(Approx. 107.00$ | 86.00£)
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Type : Médaille, Charles IX et Catherine II de Médicis, frappe moderne
Date: (1565)
Metal : copper
Diameter : 37,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 24,22 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Jolie patine marron avec des traces de manipulation dans les champs. Petite usure sur certains reliefs
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection Marineche

Obverse


Obverse legend : CAROLVS IX GALLIARVM REX CHRISTINAIS 1565.
Obverse description : Buste lauré, drappé et cuirassé de Charles IX à droite.

Reverse


Reverse legend : KATHARI. REGIN. HENRI. II. VXOR. FRANCIS. ET CAROL. REGVM MATER.
Reverse description : Buste à gauche de Catherine II.

Commentary


Catherine de Médicis est plutôt associée à Henri II qu’à Charles IX sur les médailles de ce genre.
Elle est née le 13 avril 1519 à Florence (République florentine) sous le nom de Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de' Medici et morte le 5 janvier 1589 à Blois (France).
Fille de Laurent II de Médicis (1492-1519), duc d'Urbino, et de Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne (1495-1519), elle grandit en Italie d'où elle est originaire par son père. À la mort de ses parents, elle hérite du titre de duchesse d'Urbino, puis de celui de comtesse d'Auvergne à la mort de sa tante Anne d'Auvergne en 1524.
Par son mariage avec le futur Henri II, elle devient Dauphine et duchesse de Bretagne de 1536 à 1547, puis reine de France de 1547 à 1559. Mère des rois François II, Charles IX, Henri III, des reines Élisabeth (reine d'Espagne) et Marguerite (dite « la reine Margot », épouse du futur Henri IV), elle gouverne la France en tant que reine-mère et régente de 1560 à 1563..

Historical background


CHARLES IX

(05/12/1560-30/05/1574)

Born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1550, son of Henri II and Catherine de Médicis, Charles IX succeeded his brother François II in 1560, at the age of ten.. His mother therefore exercised the regency, and his cousin Antoine de Bourbon the lieutenancy general of the kingdom.. His "reign" began with the Estates General meeting in Orléans in December 1560 - January 1561 and the colloquy of Poissy (October 1561), which allowed the confrontation of Catholic and Protestant ideas.. In January 1562, the edict of Saint-Germain gave the Reformed almost freedom of worship outside closed towns.. The civil war between Protestants and Catholics began with the massacre of Wassy (March 1562), where the Duke of Guise killed Reformers gathered in a barn. In response, the Prince of Condé took up arms and seized several towns. Forced to take sides, Catherine put herself at the head of the Catholics. Massacres answered massacres and Protestants desecrated churches and tombs. All of France was soon ravaged by the troops of each other. At the battle of Dreux (December 1562), Guise gave victory to the Catholic camp, but he was assassinated a few months later, in February 1563. The edict of pacification of Amboise, in March 1563, was negotiated by Montmorency, for the Catholics, and Condé, for the Protestants. It gave freedom of worship to nobles and in a city by bailiwick. Charles IX was proclaimed of age in 1563 and his mother therefore tried to restore royal authority. The ordinance of Moulins (1566) notably diminished the power of parliaments and governors. To restore harmony, the queen-mother took her son on a long tour of France (1564) and led a brilliant court life.. Dissatisfied with the rapprochement of royal power with Spain, dissatisfied with the application of the edicts, the Protestants planned to seize the person of the king. The court took refuge in Meaux then went to Paris (September 1567). After a brief respite, the disorder and the massacres resumed with renewed vigour.. The Protestants blockaded Paris and fought the indecisive Battle of Saint-Denis (November 1567), where Montmorency was killed. Catherine's second son, Henri d'Anjou, then took command of the royal armies.. Peace was signed at Longjumeau in March 1568: the provisions of the Edict of Amboise were restored. In the context of the Tridentine reaction, the Catholic party then began to regain the upper hand. Mendicant and Jesuit orders disseminated the slogans. Armed brotherhoods were created. The Duke of Anjou defeated and killed Condé at Jarnac (March 1569). Despite the help of Protestants from Germany, the Protestants were defeated a second time at Moncontour (October 1569). A new edict of pacification, signed in Saint-Germain, intervened in August 1570: the Protestants received four cities of safety: La Rochelle, Montauban, La Charité and Cognac. The reformed lords reappeared at Court and Coligny became the favorite of Charles IX. Jealous of this competition, Catherine solved the loss of the admiral. Thanks to the marriage of Henri de Navarre, nominal leader of the Protestant party, with Marguerite de Valois, the Catholic party took advantage of the gathering in Paris of many reformed leaders: this was the massacre of Saint-Barthélemy (August 24, 1572). The king and his mother had allowed themselves to be drawn into the affair, where the collective fury made the principal of the two thousand victims.. The war resumed, inexpiable. The South had revolted, with the complicity of Montmorency-Damville, governor of Languedoc. The Edict of Boulogne (July 1573), which gave freedom of conscience and ensured freedom of worship in La Rochelle and Montauban, could not put an end to the war.. King of a torn kingdom, plaything of events, Charles died without male issue on May 30, 1574, leaving the crown to his younger brother, Henry, King of Poland.

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