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fme_815161 - CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE Médaille, Chambre de commerce de Rouen

CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE Médaille, Chambre de commerce de Rouen AU
150.00 €(Approx. 162.00$ | 127.50£)
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Type : Médaille, Chambre de commerce de Rouen
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : 76 - Rouen
Metal : silver
Diameter : 50,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Engraver OUDINÉ Eugène-André (1810-1887)
Weight : 65,93 g.
Edge : lisse + corne ARGENT
Puncheon : corne ARGENT
Coments on the condition:
Patine grise hétérogène. Traces de nettoyage au revers. Présence de quelques coups et rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : RÉPUBLIQUE - * FRANÇAISE.
Obverse description : Tête de la République à gauche en Cérès, déesse des moissons, portant un collier de perles, un double chignon et une couronne composite de blé, fleurs, olivier et olives, chêne et glands, nouée par un ruban descendant sur le cou et passant sur le front où est inscrit le mot CONCORDE ; sous la tranche du cou le long du listel OUDINÉ.

Reverse


Reverse legend : CHAMBRE DE COMMERCE DE ROUEN.
Reverse description : Légende circulaire, couronne de laurier.

Historical background


CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE

The first chamber of commerce was that of Marseille, created at the end of the 16th century. For Paris, the six corps of merchants and the judge-consuls had a role similar to that of a chamber of commerce: an association of merchants gathered to deliberate on the interests of their city or region and to give their opinion to the government. Colbert legalizes them in 1664 by establishing that each place of commerce will choose two of them to represent them. However, the institution was not really established until the decision of the Council of August 30, 1701, and many chambers of commerce appeared in the 18th century in Lyon, Rouen, Toulouse, Montpellier, Bordeaux, etc. The most important of them is Marseilles which had attributions in all the trade of Levant and was of the department of Foreign Affairs, the others concerned the General control of Finances. Abolished by the Constituent Assembly in 1791, the chambers of commerce were re-established under the Consulate. Since 1832, their recruitment is done by elections, they have become chambers of commerce and industry since 1898, grouped into 21 regional chambers.

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