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fjt_704336 - CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE Chambre de commerce de Lons-Le-Saunier n.d.

CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE Chambre de commerce de Lons-Le-Saunier MS
250.00 €(Approx. 270.00$ | 210.00£)
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Type : Chambre de commerce de Lons-Le-Saunier
Date: n.d.
Metal : silver
Diameter : 35,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 30,28 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : Tête de Minerve et losange + 950/1000 ARGENT
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Magnifique patine de collection, flan mince

Obverse


Obverse legend : LONS - LE - SAUNIER . POLIGNY . DOLE . SAINT - CLAUDE.
Obverse description : Dans un quadrilobe, les quatre blasons dont celui de Lons tourelé.

Reverse


Reverse legend : CHAMBRE DE COMMERCE DE LONS - LE - SAUNIER.
Reverse description : Mercure debout à gauche présentant son caducée à gauche au dessus d’un vaisseau allant pleines voiles à droite, tenant de la main gauche un globe terrestre sur lequel on lit LE MERIDIEN. Ce globe est posé sur un ballot sanglé de cordes, derrière un fut, devant une ancre de marine, exergue vide.

Commentary


On peut se demander si le graveur n’a pas recyclé un coin prévu pour une ville portuaire, l’insistance sur l’aspect maritime étant plus que bizarre dans le Jura.

Historical background


CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE

The first chamber of commerce was that of Marseille, created at the end of the 16th century. For Paris, the six corps of merchants and the judge-consuls had a role similar to that of a chamber of commerce: an association of merchants gathered to deliberate on the interests of their city or region and to give their opinion to the government. Colbert legalizes them in 1664 by establishing that each place of commerce will choose two of them to represent them. However, the institution was not really established until the decision of the Council of August 30, 1701, and many chambers of commerce appeared in the 18th century in Lyon, Rouen, Toulouse, Montpellier, Bordeaux, etc. The most important of them is Marseilles which had attributions in all the trade of Levant and was of the department of Foreign Affairs, the others concerned the General control of Finances. Abolished by the Constituent Assembly in 1791, the chambers of commerce were re-established under the Consulate. Since 1832, their recruitment is done by elections, they have become chambers of commerce and industry since 1898, grouped into 21 regional chambers.

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