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Live auction - bga_714806 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Statère d’électrum à la joue ornée et à la lyre

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Statère d’électrum à la joue ornée et à la lyre XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 1 500 €
Price : 820 €
Maximum bid : 850 €
End of the sale : 08 March 2022 15:48:52
bidders : 2 bidders
Type : Statère d’électrum à la joue ornée et à la lyre
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : gold
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 7,29 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie bien centrée, avec une jolie tête détaillée au droit et un joli bige au revers
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée imitée de Philippe II, très stylisée avec la tête luniforme et l'œil en amande, à droite ; l’oreille ornée d’une boucle à trois brins ; chevelure en mèches complexes.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Bige à droite conduit par un aurige ; la roue du char sous la queue des chevaux et une lyre renversée entre leurs jambes.


Pour cette série de statères à la lyre, plusieurs classes ont été distinguées. Cet exemplaire correspond à la classe III au profil luniforme et à la joue lisse. Les quarts de cette série sont presque l’exacte réduction modulaire du statère, mais avec un cheval à la place du bige au revers. Le style du droit et du revers, ainsi que le type de métal utilisé, rapprochent ces monnaies du statère épigraphe KABALLOS CONTI.

Historical background

Carnutes (Beauce Region)

(Second - first century BC)

The Carnutes was one of the most important and most powerful nations of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine Orleans, Blois and Chartres the countries to Mantes, that is to say, most of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of the Yvelines. Economic center was located Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They have participated in the legendary expedition to Italy Bellovesus. They formed the geographical center of Gaul, and long before the beginning of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the path Genabum (Orléans), while a large shopping center. The Carnutes were also known for their forest where stood the annual meeting of the Druids. At the beginning of the war, Caesar had wintered in Carnutes in 57 before J. C-. and had established himself as king Tasgetios who was assassinated in 54 before J. C-. The following year, they submit to the top 52 but before J. C-. They may be the cause of the revolt that will lift the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators found themselves in a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred settlers and Roman merchants Genabum (Orléans) led by Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar besieged the city he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then furnished a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and punish the murderers of Caesar in the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35, V 25, 29, 56, VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3) Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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