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Live auction - bga_431720 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Quart de statère d'or à la cavalière sans bras

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Quart de statère d or à la cavalière sans bras AU
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Estimate : 4 000 €
Price : 4 100 €
Maximum bid : 4 200 €
End of the sale : 13 June 2017 15:15:41
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Quart de statère d'or à la cavalière sans bras
Date: IIe siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : gold
Diameter : 12,5 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 2,09 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Superbe exemplaire sur un flan régulier mais un tout petit peu trop court au revers, avec des types bien centrés. Frappe particulièrement vigoureuse au revers, mais un peu plus molle au droit, avec une rayure sur la joue et de petits coups sur la chevelure et sur la tranche
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête à gauche, la chevelure très finement travaillée en petites mèches, l’oreille nettement marquée et le cou orné d’un collier de perles.


Reverse description : Cheval à gauche, conduit par une cavalière sans bras, mais avec les main marquées ; entre les jambes, un annelet perlé.


Bien que cet exemplaire ne corresponde pas exactement au DT. S2077D, il s’insère assez nettement dans la même série. Si ce quart se distingue de celui du Nouvel Atlas et de celui de Zürich par l’absence de la grosse mèche sur la joue, son revers est particulièrement proche du n° 358 de Zürich (sans la longue tige de blé). Une pseudo-légende se devine, en bord de flan sous la ligne d’exergue au revers.
La seule provenance connue pour les monnaies de cette série semble être au sud-ouest d’Etampes (Essone), ce qui coïncide avec une probable attribution aux Carnutes..

Historical background

Carnutes (Beauce Region)

(Second - first century BC)

The Carnutes was one of the most important and most powerful nations of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine Orleans, Blois and Chartres the countries to Mantes, that is to say, most of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of the Yvelines. Economic center was located Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They have participated in the legendary expedition to Italy Bellovesus. They formed the geographical center of Gaul, and long before the beginning of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the path Genabum (Orléans), while a large shopping center. The Carnutes were also known for their forest where stood the annual meeting of the Druids. At the beginning of the war, Caesar had wintered in Carnutes in 57 before J. C-. and had established himself as king Tasgetios who was assassinated in 54 before J. C-. The following year, they submit to the top 52 but before J. C-. They may be the cause of the revolt that will lift the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators found themselves in a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred settlers and Roman merchants Genabum (Orléans) led by Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar besieged the city he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then furnished a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and punish the murderers of Caesar in the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35, V 25, 29, 56, VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3) Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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