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bga_241063 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Quart de statère d’électrum au profil luniforme et à la lyre, fourré

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Quart de statère d’électrum au profil luniforme et à la lyre, fourré XF
350.00 €(Approx. 385.00$ | 297.50£)
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Type : Quart de statère d’électrum au profil luniforme et à la lyre, fourré
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : electrum
Diameter : 12,00 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 1,44 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Ce quart est frappé sur un flan en bas aloi, comme toujours pour cette série, mais ayant mal vieilli, avec une surface hétérogène et poreuse et concrétionnée par endroits, comme s’il s’agissait d’un flan fourré
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Ce quart de statère provient de la collection P. Gendre et est indiqué provenir de Vendeuil-Caply (60)

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée imitée de Philippe II, très stylisée avec l'œil en amande, à droite ; la ligne du cou ornée d’un collier de perles.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Cheval à droite conduit par un aurige ; la roue du char sous la queue du cheval et une lyre renversée entre les jambes.

Commentary


Attribué aux Carnutes, ce quart de statère est une division des statères de la classe IV dite “au profil luniforme et à la joue lisse”.
Si les statères de cette série sont très rares, les divisionnaires semblent encore plus rares !.

Historical background


Carnutes (Beauce Region)

(Second - first century BC)

The Carnutes was one of the most important and most powerful nations of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine Orleans, Blois and Chartres the countries to Mantes, that is to say, most of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of the Yvelines. Economic center was located Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They have participated in the legendary expedition to Italy Bellovesus. They formed the geographical center of Gaul, and long before the beginning of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the path Genabum (Orléans), while a large shopping center. The Carnutes were also known for their forest where stood the annual meeting of the Druids. At the beginning of the war, Caesar had wintered in Carnutes in 57 before J. C-. and had established himself as king Tasgetios who was assassinated in 54 before J. C-. The following year, they submit to the top 52 but before J. C-. They may be the cause of the revolt that will lift the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators found themselves in a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred settlers and Roman merchants Genabum (Orléans) led by Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar besieged the city he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then furnished a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and punish the murderers of Caesar in the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35, V 25, 29, 56, VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3) Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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