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bga_241063 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Quart de statère d’électrum au profil luniforme et à la lyre, fourré

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Quart de statère d’électrum au profil luniforme et à la lyre, fourré XF
350.00 €(Approx. 374.50$ | 301.00£)
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Type : Quart de statère d’électrum au profil luniforme et à la lyre, fourré
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : electrum
Diameter : 12,00 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 1,44 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Ce quart est frappé sur un flan en bas aloi, comme toujours pour cette série, mais ayant mal vieilli, avec une surface hétérogène et poreuse et concrétionnée par endroits, comme s’il s’agissait d’un flan fourré
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Ce quart de statère provient de la collection P. Gendre et est indiqué provenir de Vendeuil-Caply (60)

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée imitée de Philippe II, très stylisée avec l'œil en amande, à droite ; la ligne du cou ornée d’un collier de perles.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Cheval à droite conduit par un aurige ; la roue du char sous la queue du cheval et une lyre renversée entre les jambes.

Commentary


Attribué aux Carnutes, ce quart de statère est une division des statères de la classe IV dite “au profil luniforme et à la joue lisse”.
Si les statères de cette série sont très rares, les divisionnaires semblent encore plus rares !.

Historical background


GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area)

(2nd - 1st century BC)

The Carnutes were one of the most important and powerful peoples of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine over the Orléanais, the Blésois and the Chartrain country as far as Mantes, that is to say the greater part of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of Yvelines. Their economic center was located in Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They would have participated in the legendary Bellovèse expedition to Italy. They formed the geographical center of Gaul and, long before the start of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the way to Genabum (Orléans), then a major commercial center. The Carnutes were also famous for their forest where the annual meeting of the Druids was held.. At the start of the War, Caesar had wintered with the Carnutes in 57 BC.. -VS. and had imposed on them as king Tasgetios, who was assassinated in 54 BC. -VS. The following year, they submit but at the beginning of 52 BC. -VS. , they are perhaps at the origin of the revolt which will raise the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators met during a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred the Roman settlers and merchants of Genabum (Orleans) under the leadership of Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar came to besiege the city which he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army in order to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and Caesar punished the assassins of the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35; V, 25, 29, 56; VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3); Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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