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bga_538621 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Potin à l’aigle de face et à la tête casquée

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Potin à l’aigle de face et à la tête casquée XF
170.00 €(Approx. 183.60$ | 146.20£)
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Type : Potin à l’aigle de face et à la tête casquée
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : potin
Diameter : 22 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 6,65 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Remarquable exemplaire pour ce type rarement beau ! Joli droit et belle patine grise
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection C.N.,acquis en 1996

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête casquée à gauche, le bord du casque formé d’une ligne oblique et d’une ligne supérieure en dents de scie, la lanière visible sur la joue, les cheveux dépassant sur la nuque ; bourrelet périphérique.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Aigle debout de trois quarts face à gauche sur une branche ou un foudre, la tête tournée à droite, bourrelet périphérique.

Commentary


Cet exemplaire de qualité assez exceptionnelle est exactement du même type que le potin bga_189154. La ligne chevronnée qui orne le casque en est caractéristique.

Historical background


GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area)

(2nd - 1st century BC)

The Carnutes were one of the most important and powerful peoples of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine over the Orléanais, the Blésois and the Chartrain country as far as Mantes, that is to say the greater part of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of Yvelines. Their economic center was located in Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They would have participated in the legendary Bellovèse expedition to Italy. They formed the geographical center of Gaul and, long before the start of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the way to Genabum (Orléans), then a major commercial center. The Carnutes were also famous for their forest where the annual meeting of the Druids was held.. At the start of the War, Caesar had wintered with the Carnutes in 57 BC.. -VS. and had imposed on them as king Tasgetios, who was assassinated in 54 BC. -VS. The following year, they submit but at the beginning of 52 BC. -VS. , they are perhaps at the origin of the revolt which will raise the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators met during a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred the Roman settlers and merchants of Genabum (Orleans) under the leadership of Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar came to besiege the city which he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army in order to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and Caesar punished the assassins of the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35; V, 25, 29, 56; VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3); Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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