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bga_858492 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Potin à la tête casquée et à l’aigle à droite

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Potin à la tête casquée et à l’aigle à droite XF
280.00 €(Approx. 302.40$ | 238.00£)
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Type : Potin à la tête casquée et à l’aigle à droite
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : potin
Diameter : 18,50 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 4,19 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Potin de qualité pour ce type rarissime. Droit et revers sont complètement identifiables et bien nets. Patine marron
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection Norbert MICHAUD, fameux collectionneur d’art japonais


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête casquée à gauche ; bourrelet périphérique.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Aigle de profil à droite ; bourrelet périphérique.


Cet exemplaire est celui de MONNAIES 28, n° 715. Ce type de droit est exceptionnel dans cette série. Si ce potin se rapproche de par son poids et son style des 10.4 et 10.5, le revers avec l'aigle de profil répond au 11.1. Si le n° 321 du British Museum a le même aigle au revers, la tête a une chevelure qui retombe sur la nuque.

Historical background

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area)

(2nd - 1st century BC)

The Carnutes were one of the most important and powerful peoples of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine over the Orléanais, the Blésois and the Chartrain country as far as Mantes, that is to say the greater part of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of Yvelines. Their economic center was located in Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They would have participated in the legendary Bellovèse expedition to Italy. They formed the geographical center of Gaul and, long before the start of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the way to Genabum (Orléans), then a major commercial center. The Carnutes were also famous for their forest where the annual meeting of the Druids was held.. At the start of the War, Caesar had wintered with the Carnutes in 57 BC.. -VS. and had imposed on them as king Tasgetios, who was assassinated in 54 BC. -VS. The following year, they submit but at the beginning of 52 BC. -VS. , they are perhaps at the origin of the revolt which will raise the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators met during a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred the Roman settlers and merchants of Genabum (Orleans) under the leadership of Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar came to besiege the city which he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army in order to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and Caesar punished the assassins of the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35; V, 25, 29, 56; VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3); Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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