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bga_264237 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Bronze PIXTILOS classe X au cheval et au sanglier

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Bronze PIXTILOS classe X au cheval et au sanglier AU
100.00 €(Approx. 111.00$ | 84.00£)
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Type : Bronze PIXTILOS classe X au cheval et au sanglier
Date: c. 40-30 AC.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 3,12 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire, mais frappé sur un flan un peu court et irrégulier. Droit et revers centrés, avec une frappe vigoureuse. Agréable patine vert clair, avec un petit éclat devant le cheval
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : [PIXTILOS].
Obverse description : Tête de femme diadèmée à droite, légende devant le visage.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Cheval au galop à droite ; au-dessus, volute et tige végétale ; au-dessous sanglier à droite.

Commentary


Ce type de bronze est rare ; nous n’avions eu que le n° 579 de
MONNAIES XV. A défaut d’exemplaires complets, la légende du droit est encore soumise à discussion.
Les bronzes DT. 2474 - 2476 semble surtout avoir des centrages différent ; le premier est classé en PIXTILOS et les deux derniers en TITIVS (?).
Ce type manque à la BN. Les deux avec provenance du Nouvel Atlas proviennent du sud d’Elboeuf et du camp de la Chaussée-Tirancourt (Somme).

Historical background


Carnutes (Beauce Region)

(Second - first century BC)

The Carnutes was one of the most important and most powerful nations of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine Orleans, Blois and Chartres the countries to Mantes, that is to say, most of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of the Yvelines. Economic center was located Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They have participated in the legendary expedition to Italy Bellovesus. They formed the geographical center of Gaul, and long before the beginning of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the path Genabum (Orléans), while a large shopping center. The Carnutes were also known for their forest where stood the annual meeting of the Druids. At the beginning of the war, Caesar had wintered in Carnutes in 57 before J. C-. and had established himself as king Tasgetios who was assassinated in 54 before J. C-. The following year, they submit to the top 52 but before J. C-. They may be the cause of the revolt that will lift the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators found themselves in a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred settlers and Roman merchants Genabum (Orléans) led by Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar besieged the city he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then furnished a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and punish the murderers of Caesar in the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35, V 25, 29, 56, VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3) Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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