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bga_241108 - GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Bronze “à l’aigle et au serpent”

GALLIA - CARNUTES (Beauce area) Bronze “à l’aigle et au serpent” VF/VF
40.00 €(Approx. 44.40$ | 34.40£)
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Type : Bronze “à l’aigle et au serpent”
Date: c. avant 52 AC.
Mint name / Town : Chartres (28)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 2,8 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Bronze parfaitement identifiable, avec un bel avers mais un revers recouvert d’une sorte de gangue orangée
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Ce bronze provient de la collection P. Gendre et est indiqué provenir de Rouvroy-les-Merles (60)

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste drapé à droite, une tresse tirée sur le côté de la tête et nouée en chignon ; fleur à cinq feuilles derrière le buste.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Aigle attaquant un serpent à droite ; annelet perlé pointé, annelet pointé et esse dans le champ.

Commentary


L'association aigle et serpent est fréquente sur les bronzes carnutes (cf. MONNAIES XV, n° 559-562, LT. 6358).

Historical background


Carnutes (Beauce Region)

(Second - first century BC)

The Carnutes was one of the most important and most powerful nations of independent Gaul. Their territory stretched between the Loire and the Seine Orleans, Blois and Chartres the countries to Mantes, that is to say, most of the current departments of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Eure-et-Loir and part of the Yvelines. Economic center was located Genabum (Orléans), but their main oppidum seems to have been Autricum (Chartres). They have participated in the legendary expedition to Italy Bellovesus. They formed the geographical center of Gaul, and long before the beginning of the Gallic Wars, Roman merchants knew the path Genabum (Orléans), while a large shopping center. The Carnutes were also known for their forest where stood the annual meeting of the Druids. At the beginning of the war, Caesar had wintered in Carnutes in 57 before J. C-. and had established himself as king Tasgetios who was assassinated in 54 before J. C-. The following year, they submit to the top 52 but before J. C-. They may be the cause of the revolt that will lift the whole of Gaul. It is possible that the conspirators found themselves in a druidic assembly. The Carnutes massacred settlers and Roman merchants Genabum (Orléans) led by Cotuatos and Conconnétodumnos. Caesar besieged the city he took, pillaged and burned, marking the beginning of hostilities. The Carnutes then furnished a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army to clear Alesia. After the fall of Vercingetorix, the following year, the Romans carried out a new campaign of pacification and punish the murderers of Caesar in the previous year. Caesar (BG. II. 35, V 25, 29, 56, VI, 2-4, 13, 44; VII. 2, 3, 11, 75; VIII. 4, 5, 31, 38, 46). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 3) Livy (HR. V, 34). Ptolemy (G. II, 8). Kruta: 68, 187, 334.

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